Difference between revisions of "Spencer Dyke String Quartet"

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The Spencer Dyke String Quartet was formed by [[Spencer Dyke, Edwin (violin)|Edwin Spencer Dyke]] (1880-1946), its first and only leader, from the quartet of his teacher, Hans Wessely (1862-1926):<ref>The Wessely Quartet continued to give concerts for some years thereafter; see e.g. 'Wesleyan Jubilee Celebration', ''Kent and Sussex Courier'', Friday 27 October 1922, p.7</ref> Spencer Dyke moved from violin II to leader, while [[Tomlinson, Ernest (viola)|Ernest Tomlinson]] (1877-1957)<ref>Tomlinson, well-known teacher and viola player in several distinguished quartets including the Spencer Dyke String Quartet, is not to be confused with the composer and conductor <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Tomlinson Ernest Tomlinson]</span> (1924-2015)</ref> remained as viola and [[Parker, Bertie Patterson (cello)|Bertie Patterson Parker]] (1871-1930) as cello, positions they had occupied since 1904.<ref>'Miscellaneous', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.45 No.732, February 1904, p.123</ref> Only [[Quaife, Edwin (violin)|Edwin Quaife]] (1880-1940) was newly recruited, as violin II.
 
The Spencer Dyke String Quartet was formed by [[Spencer Dyke, Edwin (violin)|Edwin Spencer Dyke]] (1880-1946), its first and only leader, from the quartet of his teacher, Hans Wessely (1862-1926):<ref>The Wessely Quartet continued to give concerts for some years thereafter; see e.g. 'Wesleyan Jubilee Celebration', ''Kent and Sussex Courier'', Friday 27 October 1922, p.7</ref> Spencer Dyke moved from violin II to leader, while [[Tomlinson, Ernest (viola)|Ernest Tomlinson]] (1877-1957)<ref>Tomlinson, well-known teacher and viola player in several distinguished quartets including the Spencer Dyke String Quartet, is not to be confused with the composer and conductor <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Tomlinson Ernest Tomlinson]</span> (1924-2015)</ref> remained as viola and [[Parker, Bertie Patterson (cello)|Bertie Patterson Parker]] (1871-1930) as cello, positions they had occupied since 1904.<ref>'Miscellaneous', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.45 No.732, February 1904, p.123</ref> Only [[Quaife, Edwin (violin)|Edwin Quaife]] (1880-1940) was newly recruited, as violin II.
  
Although reportedly formed in 1918,<ref>e.g. Meadmore, W.S. 'British Performing Organizations', '(2) Present-Day Organizations', in Cobbett, Walter Willson ''Cobbett's Cyclopedic Survey of Chamber Music'', London: Oxford University Press / Humphrey Milford, 1929, pp.203-12; <span class="plainlinks">[http://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/e643bfb0290e49798b5e3913d48a5508 'Mozart']</span> (billing for BBC National Programme broadcast, Thursday 13 July 1939), ''Radio Times'', Vol.64 No.823, 7 July 1939, p.52</ref> the Spencer Dyke Quartet gave its earliest documented public concert on 26 January 1920 at the <span class="plainlinks">[https://wigmore-hall.org.uk/about-us/history Wigmore Hall]</span> in London, playing works by Elgar, <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugene_Aynsley_Goossens Eugene Goossens]</span> [III], Ernest Tomlinson (its viola player), <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Bridge Frank Bridge]</span> and Haydn.<ref>'Spencer Dyke String Quartet', in 'Music', ''The Times'', issue 42318, Tuesday 27 January 1920, p.10; 'Spencer Dyke Quartet', ''Pall Mall Gazette'', Tuesday 27 January 1920, p.8</ref> The group enjoyed immediate success, perhaps partly capitalizing on the esteem which Wessely's formation had enjoyed. Spencer Dyke's group went on to perform throughout Britain (unlike Wessely's, it does not seem to have performed abroad). The Quartet collaborated in concert and on disc with well-known soloists, and showed a notable commitment to modern music and to British composers.
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Reportedly formed in 1918,<ref>e.g. Meadmore, W.S. 'British Performing Organizations', '(2) Present-Day Organizations', in Cobbett, Walter Willson ''Cobbett's Cyclopedic Survey of Chamber Music'', London: Oxford University Press / Humphrey Milford, 1929, pp.203-12; <span class="plainlinks">[http://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/e643bfb0290e49798b5e3913d48a5508 'Mozart']</span> (billing for BBC National Programme broadcast, Thursday 13 July 1939), ''Radio Times'', Vol.64 No.823, 7 July 1939, p.52</ref> the Spencer Dyke Quartet is first documented in 1919,<ref>'Works Performed by the Spencer Dyke String Quartet (1919-1924)', insert in ''Wigmore Hall […], The Spencer Dyke String Quartet First Recital, Monday Evening, February 9th [1925], at 8'' (concert programme), Wigmore Hall Collection, Royal College of Music, London</ref> when it was also the subject of a group portrait.<ref><span class="plainlinks">[https://collections.ram.ac.uk/IMU/#/details/ecatalogue/10649 ''Portrait of the Spencer Dyke Quartet — Spencer Dyke, Edwin Quaife, violins; Ernest Tomlinson viola; Bertie Patterson Parker, cello'']</span> by Isobel Grant Nevill (1872–1968), watercolour on paper, signed 'I. Nevill, 1919', Royal Academy Collections, Object No.2003.1080</ref> On 26 January 1920 it gave its first public concert reviewed in the general press, playing works by Elgar, <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugene_Aynsley_Goossens Eugene Goossens]</span> [III], Ernest Tomlinson (its viola player), <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Bridge Frank Bridge]</span> and Haydn, at the <span class="plainlinks">[https://wigmore-hall.org.uk/about-us/history Wigmore Hall]</span> in London.<ref>'Spencer Dyke String Quartet', in 'Music', ''The Times'', issue 42318, Tuesday 27 January 1920, p.10; 'Spencer Dyke Quartet', ''Pall Mall Gazette'', Tuesday 27 January 1920, p.8</ref> The Quartet enjoyed immediate success, perhaps partly capitalizing on the esteem which Wessely's formation had enjoyed. Spencer Dyke's group went on to perform throughout Britain (unlike Wessely's, it does not seem to have performed abroad). The Quartet collaborated in concert and on disc with well-known soloists, and showed a notable commitment to modern music and to British composers.
  
Spencer Dyke had recorded violin 'solos' (i.e. duos with piano) for the British branch of Odeon before World War I;<ref><span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/Sound-recording-history/Early-record-catalogues/029M-ODEGX1912XXX-0000V0 ''Odeon Records Orange Label Catalogue (...) No.26'']</span>, n.d. [1912?], p.16, lists six 12" / 30 cm double-sided discs of salon music performed by 'Mr. Spencer Dyke of Queen's Hall [Orchestra]. (With piano accompaniment)'</ref> in a 1928 interview, he described the 'nervy business' of making early ensemble records,<ref>Meadmore, W.S. 'More Gramophone Personalities', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.VI No.67, December 1928, pp.336-40 (on p.340)</ref> though these cannot be identified. From 1924, the Spencer Dyke Quartet recorded extensively, initially for Vocalion and then, until 1927, for the [[National Gramophonic Society]] (see [[#Discography|below]]). It also broadcast for the BBC from early 1924.<ref>Earliest broadcast identified: <span class="plainlinks">[https://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/page/eb32d927bd934c20beb5251689051d5f 'Hours with Living British Composers']</span>, 2LO London, Thursday 28 February 1924</ref>
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Spencer Dyke had recorded violin 'solos' (i.e. duos with piano) for the British branch of Odeon since the early years of the century.<ref>Spencer Dyke recorded some thirty-eight 10¾" / 27.3 cm sides of salon solos for Odeon between 1905 and approximately 1914, see Langridge, Mike ''British Odeons'', Wells-next-the-Sea: City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society, 2006, pp.78-79; <span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-ODEGX1912XXX-0000A0.pdf ''Odeon Records Orange Label Catalogue () No.26'']</span>, n.d. [1912?], p.16, lists twelve of these, on six double-sided discs, billed as performed by 'Mr. Spencer Dyke of Queen's Hall [Orchestra]. (With piano accompaniment)'</ref> In a 1928 interview, he described the 'nervy business' of making early ensemble records;<ref>Meadmore, W.S. 'More Gramophone Personalities', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.VI No.67, December 1928, pp.336-40 (on p.340)</ref> these have not been identified.<ref>Perhaps the interviewer misunderstood or misrepresented Spencer Dyke's reminiscence of making acoustical recordings of chamber music for Vocalion or the National Gramophonic Society; or, possibly if less probably, Spencer Dyke took part in earlier ensemble recordings which are undocumented</ref> From 1924, the Spencer Dyke Quartet recorded extensively, initially for Vocalion and then, until 1927, for the [[National Gramophonic Society]] (see [[#Discography|below]]). It also broadcast for the BBC from early 1924.<ref>Earliest broadcast identified: <span class="plainlinks">[https://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/page/eb32d927bd934c20beb5251689051d5f 'Hours with Living British Composers']</span>, 2LO London, Thursday 28 February 1924</ref>
  
In 1927, two founding members left. Quaife resigned through pressure of work, and was replaced by Spencer Dyke's pupil [[Gilder, Harold Tate (violin)|Harold Tate Gilder]] (1899-1963); Tomlinson resigned through ill health, and was replaced by [[Shore, Bernard (viola)|Bernard Shore]] (1896-1985).<ref>Meadmore, W.S. 'More Gramophone Personalities', ''The Gramophone'', Vol. VI No. 67, December 1928, pp.336-40</ref> The new members took part in the Quartet's last recordings, made for the NGS in 1927 and 1928. In 1930, Patterson Parker, the founding cellist, died.<ref>'Obituary', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.71 No.1053, November 1930,, p.1039; 'In Memoriam B. Patterson Parker, F.R.A.M. 1871-1930', ''The R.A.M. Club Magazine'', No.88, November 1930, p.24</ref> He was replaced by [[Sharpe, Cedric (cello)|Cedric Sharpe]] (1891-1978), who remained in the Quartet until it was disbanded.<ref>Shore, Bernard 'Cedric Sharpe', in <span class="plainlinks">[https://archive.org/details/rcm-magazine-1978-74-3-images/page/n10/mode/1up 'Obituary']</span>, ''Royal College of Music Magazine'', Vol.74 No.3, October 1978, pp.113-21 (on pp.114-16)</ref>
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In 1927, two founding members left. Quaife, the second violin, resigned through pressure of work, and was replaced by Spencer Dyke's pupil [[Gilder, Harold Tate (violin)|Harold Tate Gilder]] (1899-1963); Tomlinson, the viola player, resigned through ill health, and was replaced by [[Shore, Bernard (viola)|Bernard Shore]] (1896-1985).<ref>Meadmore, W.S. 'More Gramophone Personalities', ''The Gramophone'', Vol. VI No. 67, December 1928, pp.336-40</ref> The new members took part in the Quartet's last recordings, made for the NGS in 1927 and 1928. In 1930, Patterson Parker, the cellist, died.<ref>'Obituary', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.71 No.1053, November 1930,, p.1039; 'In Memoriam B. Patterson Parker, F.R.A.M. 1871-1930', ''The R.A.M. Club Magazine'', No.88, November 1930, p.24</ref> He was replaced by [[Sharpe, Cedric (cello)|Cedric Sharpe]] (1891-1978), who remained in the Quartet until it was disbanded.<ref>Shore, Bernard 'Cedric Sharpe', in <span class="plainlinks">[https://archive.org/details/rcm-magazine-1978-74-3-images/page/n10/mode/1up 'Obituary']</span>, ''Royal College of Music Magazine'', Vol.74 No.3, October 1978, pp.113-21 (on pp.114-16)</ref>
  
 
From the mid-1930s, the Spencer Dyke Quartet's public engagements appear to have become less frequent; its last currently documented concert took place in March 1939, six months before the outbreak of war put a stop to public entertainments,<ref>Latest concerts identified:
 
From the mid-1930s, the Spencer Dyke Quartet's public engagements appear to have become less frequent; its last currently documented concert took place in March 1939, six months before the outbreak of war put a stop to public entertainments,<ref>Latest concerts identified:
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In 1940, the ''Musical Times'' reported that the Quartet had used a set of instruments made by Alfred Dixon of Folkestone;<ref>'Notes & News', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.81 No.1163, January 1940, pp.34-35</ref> it is not known how often this happened or in which circumstances.
 
In 1940, the ''Musical Times'' reported that the Quartet had used a set of instruments made by Alfred Dixon of Folkestone;<ref>'Notes & News', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.81 No.1163, January 1940, pp.34-35</ref> it is not known how often this happened or in which circumstances.
  
The Spencer Dyke Quartet continued to broadcast until January 1944.<ref>Latest broadcast identified: <span class="plainlinks">[https://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/page/75480b4f64eb48c1b6367767d0877ae2 'Frank Bridge']</span>, BBC Home Service, Monday 17 January 1944</ref> It appears to have performed again after the War, perhaps at the <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Academy_of_Music Royal Academy of Music]</span> in London, where Spencer Dyke had been a professor for decades. It did not survive his death in December 1946.<ref>'Obituary', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.88 No.1247, January 1947, pp.35-36</ref>
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The Spencer Dyke Quartet continued to broadcast until January 1944.<ref>Latest broadcast identified: <span class="plainlinks">[https://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/page/75480b4f64eb48c1b6367767d0877ae2 'Frank Bridge']</span>, BBC Home Service, Monday 17 January 1944</ref> It is not known to have performed again after the War, and it did not survive his death in December 1946.<ref>'Obituary', ''The Musical Times'', Vol.88 No.1247, January 1947, pp.35-36</ref>
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==Repertoire==
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The Spencer Dyke String Quartet's repertoire has not yet been fully documented. The following list is a preliminary overview; details of dedications, premieres, performances and sources will added when time permits.
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'''Bach''', Johann Sebastian
 +
*''Ich steh' mit einem Fuß im Grabe'' BWV 156, I. Sinfonia
 +
*''Non sa che sia dolore'' BWV 209, I. Sinfonia
 +
 
 +
'''Bax'''
 +
*String Quartet No.1 in G
 +
 
 +
'''Beethoven'''
 +
*String Quintet in C Op.29
 +
*String Quartet in F Op.18 No.1
 +
*String Quartet in G Op.18 No.2
 +
*String Quartet in D Op.18 No.3
 +
*String Quartet in c Op.18 No.4
 +
*String Quartet in A Op.18 No.5
 +
*String Quartet in Bb Op.18 No.6
 +
*String Quartet in F Op.59 No.1
 +
*String Quartet in C Op.59 No.3
 +
*String Quartet in Eb Op.74
 +
*String Quartet in f Op.95
 +
*String Quartet in c# Op.131
 +
*String Quartet in F Op.135
 +
 
 +
'''Benjamin''', Arthur
 +
*''Pastoral Fantasy'' for string quartet (UK premiere) (1924 Carnegie Trust Award)
 +
 
 +
'''Borodin'''
 +
*String Quartet No.2 in D
 +
 
 +
'''Bowen''', York
 +
*String Quartet in G Op.46 (premiere)
 +
*Quintet for horn and strings in c Op.85
 +
 
 +
'''Brahms'''
 +
*String Sextet in Bb Op.18
 +
*Piano Quintet in f Op.34
 +
*String Sextet in G Op.36
 +
*String Quartet in c Op.51 No.1
 +
*Piano Quartet in c Op.60
 +
*String Quartet in Bb Op.67
 +
*Clarinet Quintet in b Op.115
 +
 
 +
'''Bridge''', Frank
 +
*''An Irish Melody'' (''The Londonderry Air'')
 +
*''3 Idylls''
 +
*[3] ''Novelletten''
 +
*''Old English Songs'' (I. ''Sally in our Alley'', II. ''Cherry Ripe'')
 +
*''A Christmas Dance'' (Sir Roger de Coverley'')
 +
*''Phantasy Quartet'' in f
 +
*String Quartet No.2 in g
 +
 
 +
'''Bush''', Alan
 +
*String Quartet in a Op.4 (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Chausson'''
 +
*Piano Quartet in A Op.30
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 +
'''Debussy'''
 +
*String Quartet in g Op.10
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 +
'''Dvořák'''
 +
*String Quartet in Eb Op.51
 +
*Piano Quintet in A Op.81
 +
*String Quartet in F Op.96
 +
*String Quartet in G Op.106
 +
 
 +
'''Durey''', Louis
 +
*String Quartet No.1 in C (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Elgar'''
 +
*String Quartet in e Op.83
 +
*Piano Quintet in a Op.84
 +
 
 +
'''Franck'''
 +
*String Quartet in D
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*Piano Quintet in f
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 +
'''Gatty''', Nicholas
 +
*Variations on a Traditional Theme (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Glier'''
 +
*String Quartet in A Op.2
 +
*String Quartet in g Op.20
 +
 
 +
'''Goossens''', Eugene [III]
 +
*''Two Sketches'' Op.15
 +
*''Phantasy Quartet Op.12''
 +
 
 +
'''Gossec'''
 +
*''Le Triomphe de la République, ou Le Camp de Grandpré'' [RH.618] (divertissement-lyrique in 1 act), Tambourin, arranged '''Sharpe''', Cedric
 +
 
 +
'''Grainger'''
 +
*''Molly on the Shore, Irish Reel''
 +
 
 +
'''Haydn'''
 +
*String Quartet in Bb Op.64 No.3
 +
*String Quartet in G Op.64 No.4
 +
*String Quartet in D Op.64 No.5
 +
*String Quartet in Eb Op.64 No.6
 +
*String Quartet in d Op.76 No.2
 +
*String Quartet in Bb Op.76 No.4
 +
*String Quartet in F Op.77 No.2
 +
 
 +
'''Howells''', Herbert
 +
*''Lady Audrey's Suite'' Op.19
 +
*Piano Quartet in a Op.21
 +
*String Quartet No.3 'In Gloucestershire' Op.35 (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Ireland'''
 +
*''The Holy Boy, a Carol of the Nativity''
 +
 
 +
'''Jacob''', Gordon
 +
*String Quartet in C (1928)
 +
 
 +
'''Jaques-Dalcroze''', Emile
 +
*String Quartet in E (premiere)<ref><span class="plainlinks">[https://archive.org/details/musicalnews6219unse/page/122/mode/1up 'Notes And News Of The Day']</span>, ''Musical News & Herald'', 28 January 1922, p.122; E[dwin].E[vans]. 'Jaques-Dalcroze', in <span class="plainlinks">[https://archive.org/details/musicalnews6219unse/page/244/mode/1up 'London Concerts']</span>, ibid., 25 February 1922, pp.244-45<br />I am grateful to Tully Potter for putting me on the track of this performance</ref>
 +
 
 +
'''Kreisler'''
 +
*String Quartet in a
 +
 
 +
'''McEwen'''
 +
*''The Jocund Dance'' (premiere) (later published with sub-title 'Dance tunes for string band')
 +
*String Quartet No.3 in e
 +
*String Quartet No.8 in A 'Biscay'
 +
*String Quartet No.9 in eb 'Threnody'
 +
*''Suite of Old National Dances'' (String Quartet No.12) (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Malipiero'''
 +
*''Stornelli e ballate''
 +
 
 +
'''Mendelssohn''', Felix
 +
*String Quartet in Eb Op.12
 +
*String Quartet in e Op.44 No.2
 +
 
 +
'''Mozart'''
 +
*Oboe Quartet in F K.370
 +
*String Quartet in Eb K.428
 +
*String Quartet in C K.465
 +
*String Quartet in D K.499
 +
*String Quartet in D K.575
 +
*String Quartet in Bb K.589
 +
*String Quartet in F K.590
 +
*Horn Quintet in Eb K.407
 +
 
 +
'''Napier Miles''', Philip
 +
*''Ode to Autumn'' for voice, string quartet, oboe, and clarinet (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Nováček''', Ottokar
 +
*String Quartet in e
 +
 
 +
'''Parker''', George
 +
*Suite in a
 +
 
 +
'''Perkin''', Helen
 +
*Fantasy Quartet (Cobbett Prize, 1930)
 +
 
 +
'''Phillips''', Gerald
 +
*''Conte de fée'' (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Purcell'''
 +
*''Ayres to the Theatre'', suite, arranged '''Bridgewater''', Leslie(?)
 +
 
 +
'''Quilter'''
 +
*''To Julia'' Op.8 (version with piano and string quartet)
 +
 
 +
'''Ravel'''
 +
*Introduction and Allegro for flute, clarinet, string quartet and harp
 +
*String Quartet in F
 +
 
 +
'''Schoenberg'''
 +
*''Verklärte Nacht'', sextet Op.4
 +
 
 +
'''Schubert'''
 +
*String Quartet in Bb D.112
 +
*String quartet movement in c D.703 ('Quartettsatz')
 +
*String Quartet in a D.804
 +
*Octet in F D.803
 +
 
 +
'''Schumann''', Robert
 +
*String Quartet in A Op.41 No.3
 +
 
 +
'''Sharpe''', Cedric
 +
*''Children's Christmas Suite''
 +
 
 +
'''Smetana'''
 +
*String Quartet No.1 in e 'From My Life'
 +
 
 +
'''Smyth''', Ethel
 +
*String Quartet in e
 +
 
 +
'''Speaight''', Joseph
 +
*''Some Shakespeare Fairy Characters'', 1st Series
 +
 
 +
'''Stanton''', Walter Kendall
 +
*Piano Quintet (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Tchaikovsky'''
 +
*String Quartet No.1 in D Op.11
 +
 
 +
'''Tcherepnin''', Nikolai
 +
*String Quartet in a Op.11
 +
 
 +
'''Tomlinson''', Ernest
 +
*''A Lament'' (premiere)
 +
 
 +
'''Turina'''
 +
*''Scène andalouse''
 +
 
 +
'''Vaughan Williams'''
 +
*String Quartet in g
 +
*''Five Mystical Songs'' (version with piano and string quartet)
 +
 
 +
'''Walker''', Ernest
 +
*Fantasia in D Op.32
  
 
==Discography==
 
==Discography==
The Spencer Dyke String Quartet left a substantial recorded legacy of 130 '78 rpm' sides.<ref>This total is expressed in 'sides' rather than discs because, on some discs, a side recorded by the Spencer Dyke Quartet was coupled with one recorded by different artists</ref> Of these, 16 were recorded for the Vocalion label.
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The Spencer Dyke String Quartet left a substantial recorded legacy of 130 '78 rpm' sides.<ref>This total is expressed in 'sides' rather than discs because, on some discs, a side recorded by the Spencer Dyke Quartet was coupled with one recorded by different artists</ref> Of these, just 16 were recorded for the Vocalion label.<ref>On the history of the Vocalion marque, see Andrews, Frank, Harrison, Keith, Wood-Woolley, Tim ''Vocalion Records'' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.clpgs.org.uk/reference-series.html Reference Series]</span> RS42), City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society, 2017, pp.3-20</ref> The remainder were recorded for the [[National Gramophonic Society]].
  
 
===Vocalion===
 
===Vocalion===
Vocalion had been at the forefront of classical record production in Britain for some years. In 1919 it had lured the violinist <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Sammons Albert Sammons]</span> (1886-1957) away from rival Columbia, followed in 1920 by the <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_String_Quartet London String Quartet]</span>, which Sammons had led before going solo. Alongside the viola player <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_Tertis Lionel Tertis]</span> (1876-1975), these artists recorded a considerable amount of chamber music for Vocalion, admittedly often abridged or, as in several of Tertis' recordings, slightly rescored. But by mid-1924 the London String Quartet had moved on again,<ref>Potter, Tully 'The life (and strange afterlife) of the London String Quartet', booklet essay for Music & Arts Programs CD-1253(8), 2011</ref> and it is probably no coincidence that Vocalion engaged the Spencer Dyke Quartet around this time. For reasons explained [[#National Gramophonic Society|below]], the association was short-lived, and today the Quartet's Vocalion discs are uncommon and all but unknown. The series opened with two single discs of excerpts drawn from the Quartet's contemporary repertoire, both gramophone premieres and possibly an attempt to test buyers' interest in such music. If so, sales must have been disappointing, as the next two productions presented two of the most popular quartets, recorded complete and uncut. Again, both were effectively gramophone premieres; one had previously been issued complete only in an experimental long-play format, doomed to failure,<ref><span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton%C3%ADn_Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k Dvořák]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.12%2C_Op.96_(Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k%2C_Anton%C3%ADn) String Quartet in F major Op.96]</span>:
+
Vocalion had been at the forefront of classical record production in Britain for some years. In 1919 it had lured the violinist <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Sammons Albert Sammons]</span> (1886-1957) away from rival Columbia, followed in 1920 by the <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_String_Quartet London String Quartet]</span>, which Sammons had led before going solo. Alongside the viola player <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_Tertis Lionel Tertis]</span> (1876-1975), these artists recorded a considerable amount of chamber music for Vocalion, admittedly often abridged or, as in several of Tertis' recordings, slightly rescored. But by mid-1924 the London String Quartet had moved on again,<ref>Potter, Tully 'The life (and strange afterlife) of the London String Quartet', booklet essay for Music & Arts Programs CD-1253(8), 2011</ref> leaving a gap in Vocalion's stable of artists. Which to choose among the many string quartets then active in Britain? Intriguingly, in November 1923, an unsigned notice had appeared in the sixth number of ''The Gramophone'' magazine, assessing not records or machines but recent concerts in London:
 +
'I believe the Spencer Dyke Quartet are not yet to be found on any gramophone list, but I hope before long that their fine playing may be made accessible to every lover of music.'<ref>'Concerts', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.I No.8, January 1924, p.169; the concert in question took place on 21 November 1923 at the Wigmore Hall in London, when the Spencer Dyke String Quartet played Beethoven's <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.14%2C_Op.131_(Beethoven%2C_Ludwig_van) String Quartet in c# minor Op.131]</span>, J.B. McEwen's ''Suite of Old National Dances'' (String Quartet No.12), and Haydn's <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_B-flat_major,_Hob.III:78_(Haydn,_Joseph) String Quartet in Bb Op.76 No.4]</span></ref>
 +
The writer also pointed out which items from the Quartet's London concert would record well, including <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Blackwood_McEwen J.B. McEwen's]</span> ''Suite of Old National Dances''. Some weeks later the clarion call was sounded with even more vehemence:
 +
'Most critics agree that the Spencer Dyke Quartet is as good as the very best. Which of the recording companies will secure its services? One comes away from these chamber concerts smouldering with rage because the access to such beauty and refinement is still denied to all but a handful of listeners.'<ref>'Concerts', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.I No.10, March 1924, p.216; the concert in question took place on 30 January 1924, again at the Wigmore Hall in London, when the Spencer Dyke Quartet played Brahms' <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.3%2C_Op.67_(Brahms%2C_Johannes) String Quartet in Bb Op.67]</span>, <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Howells Herbert Howells']</span> third string quartet <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/dw.asp?dc=W873_66139 ''In Gloucestershire'']</span>, and Dvořák's <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.12%2C_Op.96_(Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k%2C_Anton%C3%ADn) String Quartet in F Op.96]</span></ref>
 +
As before, the writer noted which items needed recording, such as Dvořák's <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.12%2C_Op.96_(Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k%2C_Anton%C3%ADn) String Quartet in F Op.96]</span>. Ostensibly insignificant, these articles raise questions which cannot be answered. By now, the Quartet had almost certainly made its first recordings for Vocalion, including excerpts from the very work by <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Blackwood_McEwen J.B. McEwen]</span> previously commended; and its next session yielded the Dvořák, complete. Did ''The Gramophone'' influence Vocalion's choices of artists and repertoire? Was this discreet 'plugging'? Or mere coincidence? Whatever the truth, the Quartet's association with Vocalion was short-lived. It opened with two single discs of excerpts from contemporary works, both gramophone premieres and possibly an attempt to test buyers' interest in such music. If so, sales may have been disappointing, as the next two productions presented two of the most popular quartets in the repertoire. Again, both were effectively gramophone premieres; one had previously been issued complete only in an experimental long-play format, doomed to failure,<ref><span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton%C3%ADn_Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k Dvořák]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.12%2C_Op.96_(Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k%2C_Anton%C3%ADn) String Quartet in F major Op.96]</span>:
 
*Leo Abkov String Quartet, recorded c.1922, issued on World Record 415, 416 (2 12" / 30 cm sides, constant linear speed, duration c.33 min.), see Andrews, Frank, Badrock, Arthur & Walker, Edward S. ''World Records Vocalion "W" Fetherflex and Penny Phono Recordings A Listing'', Spalding, Lincs.: the authors, 1992</ref> and the other had been recorded abridged.<ref><span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Haydn Haydn]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_D_major%2C_Hob.III:63_(Haydn%2C_Joseph) String Quartet in D major Op.64 No.5]</span>:
 
*Leo Abkov String Quartet, recorded c.1922, issued on World Record 415, 416 (2 12" / 30 cm sides, constant linear speed, duration c.33 min.), see Andrews, Frank, Badrock, Arthur & Walker, Edward S. ''World Records Vocalion "W" Fetherflex and Penny Phono Recordings A Listing'', Spalding, Lincs.: the authors, 1992</ref> and the other had been recorded abridged.<ref><span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Haydn Haydn]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_D_major%2C_Hob.III:63_(Haydn%2C_Joseph) String Quartet in D major Op.64 No.5]</span>:
 
*<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_String_Quartet London String Quartet]</span>, recorded c.1919, issued on Columbia D 1443, D 1444 (2 10" / 25 cm discs, 4 sides)
 
*<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_String_Quartet London String Quartet]</span>, recorded c.1919, issued on Columbia D 1443, D 1444 (2 10" / 25 cm discs, 4 sides)
*<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flonzaley_Quartet Flonzaley Quartet]</span>, recorded 25 & 26 November and 23 December 1921, issued on Victor 74726, 74746, 74825 (3 12" / 30 cm single sides) and on HMV</ref>
+
*<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flonzaley_Quartet Flonzaley Quartet]</span>, recorded 25 & 26 November and 23 December 1921, issued on Victor 74726, 74746, 74825 (3 12" / 30 cm single sides) and on HMV</ref> Yet today these discs too are uncommon and all but unknown, suggesting limited circulation and a short life in the catalogues.
  
Vocalion disc labels did not bill the members of the Spencer Dyke String Quartet. There is no reason to suppose that the personnel varied from that documented between 1920 and 1927.
+
Vocalion supplements and disc labels did not name the members of the Spencer Dyke String Quartet.<ref>See e.g. <span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-AVOCX1924X06-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924'']</span> (unpaginated) and <span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-VOCBX1925X04-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925'']</span> (unpaginated)</ref> There is no reason to suppose that they were different from the original, well-documented personnel.
 +
 
 +
All the recordings are assumed to have been made in Vocalion's London studio.<ref>This assumption is an extrapolation from the fact that all productions recorded by Vocalion for the [[#National Gramophonic Society|National Gramophonic Society]] were recorded in the company's Duncan Avenue studio, see 'Trade Winds and Idle Zephyrs', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.V No.9, February 1928, pp.366-68 (on p.368); Vocalion quit the premises in 1931, see 'Turn Table Talk', ibid., Vol.IX No.103, December 1931, pp.293-95 (on p.294)<br />Duncan Avenue was a court opening off the eastern side of Gray's Inn Road, between Verulam Street and Baldwin's Gardens and surrounded by light industrial buildings and workers' lodgings; it was destroyed by enemy action during World War Two and no longer exists</ref>
 +
 
 +
Vocalion denoted takes by suffixing one or more letters X: no suffix equated to take -1, suffix -X to take -2, suffix -XX to take -3 and so on.
  
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width: 100%;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width: 100%;"
Line 55: Line 280:
 
|Group II. ''Three Old French Melodies''<br />(c) ''Danse Basse'' [sic] ''"Jouissance vous donnerai"''<br/>Group I. (b) ''Two Scottish Dances'' (Strathspey "Tullochgorum", Reel "Johnny Lad")||<div style="text-align: center;">03488</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">R 6140</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1924</div>||First recording of this item||Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
 
|Group II. ''Three Old French Melodies''<br />(c) ''Danse Basse'' [sic] ''"Jouissance vous donnerai"''<br/>Group I. (b) ''Two Scottish Dances'' (Strathspey "Tullochgorum", Reel "Johnny Lad")||<div style="text-align: center;">03488</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">R 6140</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1924</div>||First recording of this item||Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Bridge '''Bridge''', Frank]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Novelletten%2C_H.44_(Bridge%2C_Frank) ''Noveletten'']</span> –<br />(i) Andante moderato||<div style="text-align: center;">03485</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D 02155</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">June 1924</div>||First recording of this item<br />First known recording by Spencer Dyke String Quartet||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924''; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Bridge '''Bridge''', Frank]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Novelletten%2C_H.44_(Bridge%2C_Frank) ''Noveletten'']</span> –<br />(i) Andante moderato||<div style="text-align: center;">03485</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D 02155</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">June 1924</div>||First recording of this item<br />First known recording by Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-AVOCX1924X06-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924'']</span>; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
 
|-
 
|-
|(iii) Allegro vivo||<div style="text-align: center;">03486</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D 02155</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">June 1924</div>||First recording of this item||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924''; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
+
|(iii) Allegro vivo||<div style="text-align: center;">03486</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D 02155</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">June 1924</div>||First recording of this item||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-AVOCX1924X06-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924'']</span>; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
 
|-
 
|-
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton%C3%ADn_Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k '''Dvořák''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.12%2C_Op.96_(Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k%2C_Anton%C3%ADn) String Quartet in F major Op.96]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 1]||<div style="text-align: center;">03695</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">late 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">K 05132</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">March 1925</div>||||Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton%C3%ADn_Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k '''Dvořák''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.12%2C_Op.96_(Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1k%2C_Anton%C3%ADn) String Quartet in F major Op.96]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 1]||<div style="text-align: center;">03695</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">late 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">K 05132</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">March 1925</div>||||Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
Line 71: Line 296:
 
|(iv) Finale. Vivace ma non troppo||<div style="text-align: center;">03700</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">late 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">K 05134</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">March 1925</div>||Division of movements on this disc unclear||Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
 
|(iv) Finale. Vivace ma non troppo||<div style="text-align: center;">03700</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">late 1924(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">K 05134</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">March 1925</div>||Division of movements on this disc unclear||Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. ''Vocalion Records'', CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Haydn '''Haydn''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_D_major%2C_Hob.III:63_(Haydn%2C_Joseph) String Quartet in D major Op.64 No.5]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro moderato [part 1]||<div style="text-align: center;">03804</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9554</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||First complete, uncut recording of this work||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925''; auction listings
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Haydn '''Haydn''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_D_major%2C_Hob.III:63_(Haydn%2C_Joseph) String Quartet in D major Op.64 No.5]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro moderato [part 1]||<div style="text-align: center;">03804</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9554</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||First complete, uncut recording of this work||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-VOCBX1925X04-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925'']</span>; auction listings
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro moderato [part 2]||<div style="text-align: center;">03805</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9554</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925''; auction listings
+
|(i) Allegro moderato [part 2]||<div style="text-align: center;">03805</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9554</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-VOCBX1925X04-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925'']</span>; auction listings
 
|-
 
|-
|(ii) Adagio cantabile [part 1]||<div style="text-align: center;">03806</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9555</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925''; auction listings
+
|(ii) Adagio cantabile [part 1]||<div style="text-align: center;">03806</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9555</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-VOCBX1925X04-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925'']</span>; auction listings
 
|-
 
|-
|(ii) Adagio cantabile [part 2]||<div style="text-align: center;">03807</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9555</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925''; auction listings
+
|(ii) Adagio cantabile [part 2]||<div style="text-align: center;">03807</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9555</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-VOCBX1925X04-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925'']</span>; auction listings
 
|-
 
|-
|(iii) Menuetto. Allegretto||<div style="text-align: center;">03808</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9556</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925''; auction listings
+
|(iii) Menuetto. Allegretto||<div style="text-align: center;">03808</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9556</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-VOCBX1925X04-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925'']</span>; auction listings
 
|-
 
|-
|Finale. Vivace||<div style="text-align: center;">03809</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9556</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925''; auction listings
+
|Finale. Vivace||<div style="text-align: center;">03809</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early 1925(?)</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">X 9556</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||||<span class="plainlinks">[https://sounds.bl.uk/related-content/TEXTS/029I-VOCBX1925X04-0000A0.pdf ''Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925'']</span>; auction listings
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
===National Gramophonic Society===
 
===National Gramophonic Society===
In late 1923, not long before Vocalion issued the Spencer Dyke Quartet's first recordings, its performances at a concert in London had impressed ''The Gramophone''.<ref>'I believe the Spencer Dyke Quartet are not yet to be found on any gramophone list, but I hope before long that their fine playing may be made accessible to every lover of music.' 'Concerts', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.I No.8, January 1924, p.169; uncannily, this notice recommended the very work excerpted on the Spencer Dyke String Quartet's second record, prompting the suspicion of discreet 'plugging' based on inside intelligence of Vocalion's forthcoming issues</ref> Meanwhile, Compton Mackenzie had mooted his 'scheme' of forming a society to fund recordings of 'good music' by subscription.<ref>Mackenzie, Compton 'Editorial', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.I No.4, September 1923, p.[64]</ref> To realise it, Mackenzie needed musicians willing to make records, but neither he nor his brother-in-law <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Stone_(broadcaster) Christopher Stone]</span> were in a position to recruit or vet them. By mid-1924, Edwin Spencer Dyke had been approached and was reported to be 'keen',<ref>Stone, Christopher Draft or copy of letter to Compton Mackenzie, dated 16 July 1924. Quoted by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.</ref> though to do what was not specified. Given that his Quartet made its first recordings for the Society just two weeks later (see [[National Gramophonic Society discography|discography]]), one may guess that it was for that purpose, and in August 1924, ''The Gramophone'' announced,
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The Spencer Dyke Quartet's association with Vocalion did not in fact end with its last appearance on the label. A year at most after recording Haydn, the Quartet was back in Vocalion's studios, playing for the very organization which had first championed the Quartet as a recording ensemble.
  'By the courtesy of the Aeolian Company we have secured the services of the Spencer Dyke Quartet to make a start for us – a privilege which will be appreciated by all our readers. They will record for us under the best possible conditions'<ref>'The Kitten' 'All over the Keys', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.II No.3, August 1924, pp.86-87 (on p.87)</ref>
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It seems remarkable that, in what was then a highly competitive market, Aeolian (then owner of the Vocalion label<ref>On the history of the Vocalion marque, see Andrews, Frank, Harrison, Keith, Wood-Woolley, Tim ''Vocalion Records'' <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.clpgs.org.uk/reference-series.html Reference Series]</span> RS42), City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society, 2017, pp.3-20</ref>) released its only string quartet to record for a rival enterprise: after all, chamber music was a niche genre with a small pool of potential buyers. Was Vocalion's enthusiasm beginning to wane? Did the Spencer Dyke Quartet's records sell less well than Vocalion had hoped? No currently known source can answer these questions, but the die was cast and in October 1924 the newly launched National Gramophonic Society distributed its first issue to members, two substantial quartets recorded complete for the first time. That same month, Spencer Dyke and his colleagues were recording the Society's [[National Gramophonic Society discography#Issue 2, February/March 1925|second issue]], which included nothing less than <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Schoenberg Arnold Schoenberg's]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Verkl%C3%A4rte_Nacht,_Op.4_(Schoenberg,_Arnold) ''Verklärte Nacht'', string sextet Op.4]. By the time this was issued, Spencer Dyke had been named as a member of the society's Advisory Committee.<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.II No.9, February 1925, p.337</ref> This was a multi-faceted role which gave Spencer Dyke considerable influence over the Society's recording programme, especially in the choice of artists - for instance, announcing the NGS issue of Mozart's Oboe Quartet, the Society's Secretary wrote, 'Mr. Leon Goossens is playing the oboe part in the Mozart, and Mr. Spencer Dyke is lucky to have secured him'.<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.II No.12, May 1925, p.480</ref> It is likely that Spencer Dyke also secured all the soloists and supernumeraries listed below, who recorded with his Quartet for the National Gramophonic Society.<ref>For a fuller account of Spencer Dyke's association with the National Gramophonic Society, his role in its productions and the recordings made by his Quartet, see Morgan, Nick ''The National Gramophonic Society'', Sheffield: CRQ Editions, 2016, §3.4.3 'Recruitment of NGS recording artists', pp.82-84, and §6.5.1 'Edwin Spencer Dyke', pp.214-20</ref>
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To summarize the [[National Gramophonic Society|account presented]] elsewhere on this site: in September 1923, shortly after launching ''The Gramophone'', Compton Mackenzie mooted a 'scheme' of forming a society to fund recordings of 'good music' by subscription.<ref>Mackenzie, Compton 'Editorial', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.I No.4, September 1923, p.[64]</ref> He and his brother-in-law <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Stone_(broadcaster) Christopher Stone]</span>, London Editor of ''The Gramophone'', spent several months trying to bring it to fruition. Neither of them was qualified to recruit or vet recording artists, so that task was entrusted to the future ''Gramophone'' critic [[Anderson, W.R.|W.R. Anderson]]. By mid-1924, Edwin Spencer Dyke had been approached and was reported to be 'keen',<ref>Stone, Christopher Draft or copy of letter to Compton Mackenzie, dated 16 July 1924. Quoted by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.</ref> though to do what was not stated. In August 1924, ''The Gramophone'' announced,
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  'By the courtesy of the Aeolian Company we have secured the services of the Spencer Dyke Quartet to make a start for us – a privilege which will be appreciated by all our readers.'<ref>'The Kitten' 'All over the Keys', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.II No.3, August 1924, pp.86-87 (on p.87)</ref>
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(Aeolian was then owner of the Vocalion label.) Like the articles quoted above, this statement leaves questions tantalisingly unanswered. Was Vocalion's commitment to chamber music beginning to wane? Did it calculate that it may as well leave this somewhat niche genre to Mackenzie and his fellow-enthusiasts, rather than compete over what seemed a small pool of potential buyers? Or, again, did the Spencer Dyke Quartet's records sell less well than hoped? Vocalion later went on to produce many of the Society's recordings, but the first three issues were recorded and pressed by the Columbia Graphophone Company, in whose London studio the Quartet set down two substantial works in one day, 30 July 1924. Like all NGS productions (except fillers), these were recorded complete and for the first time. In October 1924, before the Society had even distributed its first issue to members, Spencer Dyke and colleagues were back to record the Society's [[National Gramophonic Society discography#Issue 2, February/March 1925|second issue]], including <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Schoenberg Arnold Schoenberg's]</span> string sextet <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Verkl%C3%A4rte_Nacht,_Op.4_(Schoenberg,_Arnold) ''Verklärte Nacht'' Op.4]</span>. By the time this was ready in February 1925, Spencer Dyke had also been named as a member of the Society's Advisory Committee.<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.II No.9, February 1925, p.337</ref>
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It had taken some time for the Committee to be fully constituted and its functions defined. They included nominating works to be recorded, recruiting artists, and 'passing' test pressings.<ref>For a detailed account, see Morgan, Nick ''The National Gramophonic Society'', Sheffield: <span class="plainlinks">[https://crqeditions.co.uk/#Books CRQ Editions]</span>, 2016, §3.4 'The NGS Advisory Committee: functions', pp.73-88</ref> Although the Society was somewhat coy about the Committee's workings, it seems that recruiting artists was, initially, Spencer Dyke's domain - for instance, announcing the NGS issue of Mozart's Oboe Quartet, the Society's Secretary wrote, 'Mr. Leon Goossens is playing the oboe part in the Mozart, and Mr. Spencer Dyke is lucky to have secured him'.<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.II No.12, May 1925, p.480</ref> It is likely that Spencer Dyke also secured all the soloists and supernumeraries who recorded with his Quartet for the NGS, as well as <span class="plainlinks">[https://www.hornsociety.org/ihs-people/past-greats/28-people/past-greats/652-aubrey-brain Aubrey Brain]</span> and <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York_Bowen York Bowen]</span>, who joined him in Brahms' <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Horn_Trio,_Op.40_(Brahms,_Johannes) Horn Trio in Eb Op.40]</span>, not listed below.<ref>For a fuller account of Spencer Dyke's association with the National Gramophonic Society and the recordings made by his Quartet, see Morgan, Nick ''The National Gramophonic Society'', Sheffield: <span class="plainlinks">[https://crqeditions.co.uk/#Books CRQ Editions]</span>, 2016, §6.5.1 'Edwin Spencer Dyke', pp.214-20</ref> Perhaps inconsistently, Schubert's <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Piano_Trio_in_E-flat_major%2C_D.929_(Schubert%2C_Franz) Piano Trio in Eb D.929]</span> is listed, on the grounds that it is performed by two members of the Quartet and is coupled (somewhat awkwardly) with a work played by all four members; so too the excerpt from Mozart's <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Duo_for_Violin_and_Viola%2C_K.423_(Mozart%2C_Wolfgang_Amadeus) Duo in G K.423]</span>.
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The Quartet's personnel was usually named on the Society's disc labels, though not always, but again there is little doubt about who was playing; occasionally, the members were named without the Quartet being credited. These quirks are noted below.
  
 
{|class="wikitable" style="width: 125%"
 
{|class="wikitable" style="width: 125%"
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|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Debussy '''Debussy''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_G_minor%2C_Op.10_(Debussy%2C_Claude) String Quartet in g Op.10]</span> –<br />(i) Animé et très décidé [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 547-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D+<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Disc labels list Quaife and Tomlinson in reverse order
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Debussy '''Debussy''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_G_minor%2C_Op.10_(Debussy%2C_Claude) String Quartet in g Op.10]</span> –<br />(i) Animé et très décidé [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 547-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D+<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Disc labels list Quaife and Tomlinson in reverse order
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Animé et très décidé [part 2]<br />(iii) Andantino [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 548-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D–<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Movements recorded in order (i), (iii), (ii), (iv), probably to reduce number of discs<ref>The NGS published no announcement of or explanation for this lay-out</ref>
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|(i) Animé et très décidé [part 2]<br />(iii) Andantino, doucement expressif [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 548-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">D–<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Movements recorded in order (i), (iii), (ii), (iv), probably to reduce number of discs<ref>The NGS published no announcement of or explanation for this lay-out</ref>
 
|-
 
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|(iii) Andantino [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 549-2</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">E+<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
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|(iii) Andantino, doucement expressif [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 549-2</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">E+<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
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|(ii) Assez vif et bien rythmé||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 550-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">E–<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(ii) Assez vif et bien rythmé||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 550-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">E–<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
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|(iv) Très modéré [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 552-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">F–<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(iv) Très modéré [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 552-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 July 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">F–<div style="text-align: center;">||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
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|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Schoenberg '''Schoenberg''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Verkl%C3%A4rte_Nacht,_Op.4_(Schoenberg,_Arnold) ''Verklärte Nacht'', string sextet Op.4]</span><br />[Part 1]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 663-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">M–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Coupled with Schubert Piano Trio in E flat major D.929 (not shown) as one set
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|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Schubert '''Schubert''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Piano_Trio_in_E-flat_major%2C_D.929_(Schubert%2C_Franz) Piano Trio in Eb D.929]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 667-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">H+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Coupled with Schoenberg as one set
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|-
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|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 668-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">H–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
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|-
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|(i) Allegro [part 3]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 669-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">I+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
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|-
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|(ii) Andante con moto [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 670-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">I–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
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|-
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|(ii) Andante con moto [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 671-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">K+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Catalogue letter J not used
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|(iii) Scherzando. Allegro moderato||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 840-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 January 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">K–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
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|-
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|(iv) Allegro moderato [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 841-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 January 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">L+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Recording date of this side stated on Columbia manufacturing card, erroneously, as '7th Jan 1924'
 +
|-
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|(iv) Allegro moderato [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 842-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 January 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">L–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 +
|-
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|(iv) Allegro moderato [part 3]||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.craxtonmemorialtrust.org.uk/html/hcraxton.htm Harold Craxton]</span> (piano),<br />Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">3</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 843-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 January 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">M+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
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|-
 +
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arnold_Schoenberg '''Schoenberg''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Verkl%C3%A4rte_Nacht,_Op.4_(Schoenberg,_Arnold) ''Verklärte Nacht'', string sextet Op.4]</span><br />[Part 1]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 663-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">M–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Coupled with Schubert as one set
 
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|[Part 2]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 664-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">N+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Effectively Spencer Dyke String Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels, plus supernumeraries
 
|[Part 2]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 664-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10 October 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">N+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Effectively Spencer Dyke String Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels, plus supernumeraries
Line 140: Line 389:
 
|[Part 7]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 831-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 December 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">P–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|[Part 7]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">AX 831-1</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">30 December 1924</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Columbia||Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">P–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_van_Beethoven '''Beethoven''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.7%2C_Op.59_No.1_(Beethoven%2C_Ludwig_van) String Quartet in F Op.59 No.1]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 7<sup>3</sup></div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">T+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||'[...] unusual difficulties have been encountered, and re-recordings have been necessary'<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.III No.2, July 1925, p.80</ref>
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_van_Beethoven '''Beethoven''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.7%2C_Op.59_No.1_(Beethoven%2C_Ludwig_van) String Quartet in F Op.59 No.1]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 7<sup>3</sup></div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">T+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||'[] unusual difficulties have been encountered, and re-recordings have been necessary'<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.III No.2, July 1925, p.80</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 8</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">T–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Main recording session held shortly before 24 April 1925<ref>Minutes of 24 April 1925 board meeting of Gramophone (Publications) Limited, undated. Cited by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.</ref>
 
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 8</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">T–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Main recording session held shortly before 24 April 1925<ref>Minutes of 24 April 1925 board meeting of Gramophone (Publications) Limited, undated. Cited by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.</ref>
Line 178: Line 427:
 
|(iv) Rondo. Poco allegretto e grazioso [part 3]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 30</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. July 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">DD+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(iv) Rondo. Poco allegretto e grazioso [part 3]||Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 30</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. July 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">DD+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart '''Mozart''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Oboe_Quartet_in_F_major,_K.370/368b_(Mozart,_Wolfgang_Amadeus) Quartet for oboe and strings in F K.370 (368b)]</span> – (i) Allegro [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Goossens Leon Goossens]</span> (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 1<sup>4</sup></div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">Q+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||Takes <sup>3</sup> and above probably recorded at second session, on conjectured date<ref>'[...] unusual difficulties have been encountered, and re-recordings have been necessary', 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.III No.2, July 1925, p.80</ref>
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart '''Mozart''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Oboe_Quartet_in_F_major,_K.370/368b_(Mozart,_Wolfgang_Amadeus) Quartet for oboe and strings in F K.370 (368b)]</span> – (i) Allegro [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Goossens Leon Goossens]</span> (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 1<sup>4</sup></div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">Q+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||Takes <sup>3</sup> and above probably recorded at second session, on conjectured date<ref>'[] unusual difficulties have been encountered, and re-recordings have been necessary', 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.III No.2, July 1925, p.80</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Goossens Leon Goossens]</span> (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 2<sup>3</sup></div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">Q–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||Three members of Spencer Dyke String Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels
 
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Goossens Leon Goossens]</span> (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 2<sup>3</sup></div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">Q–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||Three members of Spencer Dyke String Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels
Line 190: Line 439:
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach '''Bach''', J.S.]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Ich_steh_mit_einem_Fu%C3%9F_im_Grabe%2C_BWV_156_(Bach%2C_Johann_Sebastian) ''Ich steh' mit einem Fuß im Grabe'' BWV 156]</span> – (i) Sinfonia||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Goossens Leon Goossens]</span> (oboe), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">S–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||Filler. Quartet members not named on disc label; presumed to be Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Sebastian_Bach '''Bach''', J.S.]</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Ich_steh_mit_einem_Fu%C3%9F_im_Grabe%2C_BWV_156_(Bach%2C_Johann_Sebastian) ''Ich steh' mit einem Fuß im Grabe'' BWV 156]</span> – (i) Sinfonia||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Goossens Leon Goossens]</span> (oboe), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">April 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">S–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">10" / 25 cm</div>||Filler. Quartet members not named on disc label; presumed to be Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Elgar '''Elgar''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Piano_Quintet,_Op.84_(Elgar,_Edward) Quintet for piano and strings in a Op.84]</span> –<br />(i) Moderato; Allegro [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 1X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NN+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||First production by Vocalion for NGS
+
|[[Tomlinson, Ernest (viola)|'''Tomlinson''', Ernest]] ''A Lament''||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">GS 21</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. July 1925</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Parlophone||Parlophone studio,<br />City Road, London||<div style="text-align: center;">EE+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Only known recording of a work by Tomlinson<br />Coupled by mistake with a recording by André Mangeot's [[Music Society String Quartet]], against his wishes<ref>'[…] would it be possible to get the Lament of Tomlinson on 12 inch put together[?] with the Brahms 6<sup>tet</sup> of Spencer Dyke and get our Goossens By the Tarn go on the back of Gibbons 3,9'<br />Annotation in André Mangeot's hand on MS letter from Robert Gathorne-Hardy to Mangeot, dated 23 December 1925, André Mangeot Collection, Royal College of Music, London<br />'Shame [?, barely legible] about the Goossens Qt[?].  Whose fault was it?' Mackenzie, Compton Letter to Christopher Stone, dated 29[?] Nov[?, overwritten] 1925. Quoted by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.</ref>
 +
|-
 +
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Elgar '''Elgar''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Piano_Quintet,_Op.84_(Elgar,_Edward) Quintet for piano and strings in a Op.84]</span> –<br />(i) Moderato; Allegro [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 1X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NN+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 2X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NN–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Quartet members not named on disc labels; presumed to be Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
 
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 2X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NN–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Quartet members not named on disc labels; presumed to be Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 3]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 3X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">OO+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Composer invited by Compton Mackenzie to perform piano part in NGS recording but declined, nominating Bartlett or Olive Bloom (see [[#Issue 16, February 1928|below]]) instead<ref>Mackenzie, Compton Letter [number 5628] to Sir Edward Elgar, dated 8 November 1925, Sir Edward Elgar papers, The Firs (Elgar Birthplace Museum), Lower Broadheath, Worcester<br />Elgar, Sir Edward Letter to Compton Mackenzie, dated 17 November 1925, reprinted in Mackenzie, Compton ''My Life and Times – Octave 6: 1915-1923'', London: Chatto & Windus, 1967, p.83<br />(Both letters also reprinted in Northrop Moore, Jerrold ''Elgar on Record'', London: EMI Records Ltd. in association with Oxford University Press, 1974, pp.55-56)</ref>
+
|(i) Allegro [part 3]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 3X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">OO+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 4]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 4X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">OO–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Analytical note, issued with discs: John F. Porte ''A Note on Elgar's Quintet for Pianoforte & Strings in A minor (Op.84)''<ref>Reprinted in 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.III No.12, May 1926, p.559</ref>
+
|(i) Allegro [part 4]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 4X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">OO–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(ii) Adagio [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">PP+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(ii) Adagio [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethel_Hobday Ethel Hobday]</span> (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. February/March 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">PP+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
Line 232: Line 483:
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart '''Mozart''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Clarinet_Quintet_in_A_major%2C_K.581_(Mozart%2C_Wolfgang_Amadeus)Quintet for clarinet and strings in A K.581]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 20</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">XX+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Spencer Dyke String Quartet not billed as such on disc labels
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart '''Mozart''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Clarinet_Quintet_in_A_major%2C_K.581_(Mozart%2C_Wolfgang_Amadeus)Quintet for clarinet and strings in A K.581]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 20</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">XX+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Spencer Dyke String Quartet not billed as such on disc labels
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 21X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">XX–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Analytical note: 'N.P.' ([[Robertson, Alec|Alec Robertson]]) ''Mozart. Clarinet Quintet in A major (K-V. No.581)''<ref>Printed in 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.IV No.4, September 1926, p.163; not known to have been distributed with discs</ref>
+
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 21X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">XX–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 22X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">YY+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
+
|(ii) Larghetto [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 22X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">YY+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 23</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">YY–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
+
|(ii) Larghetto [part 2]<br />(iii) Menuetto [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 23</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">YY–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 24X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">ZZ+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
+
|(iii) Menuetto [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 24X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">ZZ+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 25X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">ZZ–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
+
|(iv) Allegretto con variazioni [part 1]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 25X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">ZZ–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 26X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">AAA+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
+
|(iv) Allegretto con variazioni [part 2]||<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Draper_(musician) Charles Draper]</span> (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">5</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 26X</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">AAA+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart '''Mozart''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Duo_for_Violin_and_Viola%2C_K.423_(Mozart%2C_Wolfgang_Amadeus) Duo for violin and viola in G K.423]</span> –<br />(ii) Adagio||Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson||<div style="text-align: center;">2</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 28</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">AAA–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Filler. Brief mention only in analytical note for main work
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart '''Mozart''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Duo_for_Violin_and_Viola%2C_K.423_(Mozart%2C_Wolfgang_Amadeus) Duo for violin and viola in G K.423]</span> –<br />(ii) Adagio||Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson||<div style="text-align: center;">2</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 28</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. May to August 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">ac</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">AAA–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Filler
 
|-
 
|-
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Schubert '''Schubert''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_A_minor,_D.804_(Schubert,_Franz) String Quartet in a D.804]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 33E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">HHH+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||First electrical recording issued by NGS; see [[#Unissued matrices|below]] for possible electrical 'tests' (unissued)
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Schubert '''Schubert''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_in_A_minor,_D.804_(Schubert,_Franz) String Quartet in a D.804]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 33E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">HHH+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||First electrical recording issued by NGS; see [[#Unissued matrices|below]] for possible electrical 'tests' (unissued)
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 34E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">HHH–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Recording date from Malcolm Walker
+
|(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 34E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">HHH–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Recording date from Malcolm Walker<ref>Walker, Malcolm ''NGS numerical compiled … from copies of discs in The Gramophone Library: 1969 & 1980 & Columbia Day books held by EMI: 1977'' (2007 photocopy of manuscript). Supplied by kind courtesy of Malcom Walker Esq.</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 3]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 35E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">JJJ+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Catalogue letters III not used
 
|(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 3]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 35E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">7 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">JJJ+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Catalogue letters III not used
Line 266: Line 517:
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Mendelssohn '''Mendelssohn''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.4%2C_Op.44_No.2_(Mendelssohn%2C_Felix) String Quartet in e Op.44 No.2]</span> –<br />(ii) Scherzo. Allegro di molto||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 48EX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">11(?) October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">MMM–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Filler. Recording date not specified by Malcolm Walker; extrapolated from dated matrix sequence
 
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Mendelssohn '''Mendelssohn''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.4%2C_Op.44_No.2_(Mendelssohn%2C_Felix) String Quartet in e Op.44 No.2]</span> –<br />(ii) Scherzo. Allegro di molto||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 48EX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">11(?) October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">MMM–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Filler. Recording date not specified by Malcolm Walker; extrapolated from dated matrix sequence
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_van_Beethoven '''Beethoven''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.16,_Op.135_(Beethoven,_Ludwig_van) String Quartet in F Op.135]</span> –<br />(i) Allegretto [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 42E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">11 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NNN+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Date from Malcolm Walker
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_van_Beethoven '''Beethoven''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No.16,_Op.135_(Beethoven,_Ludwig_van) String Quartet in F Op.135]</span> –<br />(i) Allegretto [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 42E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">11 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NNN+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Recording date from Malcolm Walker
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(i) Allegretto [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 43E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">11 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NNN–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(i) Allegretto [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 43E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">11 October 1926</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NNN–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
Line 298: Line 549:
 
|'''Speaight''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Some_Shakespeare_Fairy_Characters_(Speaight%2C_Joseph) ''Some Shakespeare Fairy Characters'']</span><br /> (1st Series) – (ii) ''The Lonely Shepherd''||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 92E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 86–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Filler
 
|'''Speaight''' <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Some_Shakespeare_Fairy_Characters_(Speaight%2C_Joseph) ''Some Shakespeare Fairy Characters'']</span><br /> (1st Series) – (ii) ''The Lonely Shepherd''||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 92E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. June 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 86–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Filler
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Brahms '''Brahms''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Piano_Quartet_No.3,_Op.60_(Brahms,_Johannes) Piano Quartet in c minor Op.60]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro non troppo [part 1]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 108E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 88+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||First recording by members of reformed Spencer Dyke Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Brahms '''Brahms''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/Piano_Quartet_No.3,_Op.60_(Brahms,_Johannes) Piano Quartet in c minor Op.60]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro non troppo [part 1]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 108E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 88+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||First recording by members of reformed Spencer Dyke Quartet, not billed as such on disc labels
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro non troppo [part 2]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 109E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 88–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Recorded at 78 rpm, although disc labels state 80 rpm<ref>'Owing to an unfortunate lack of liaison between recording studio and factory [...] all the records from the Brahms Piano Quartet (Nos.88 to 91) onwards were made at a speed of 78 revolutions to the minute (not 80, as stated on the labels).' 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.V No.10, March 1928, p.430</ref>
+
|(i) Allegro non troppo [part 2]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 109E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 88–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||First known recording by <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Shore Bernard Shore]</span>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro non troppo [part 3]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 110E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 89+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||First known recording by <span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Shore Bernard Shore]</span><br />Only known commercial recording by Olive Bloom
+
|(i) Allegro non troppo [part 3]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 110E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 89+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(ii) Scherzo. Allegro||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 111E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 89–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Analytical note: P[eter].L[atham]. ''A Brahms Pianoforte Quartet''<ref>Printed in 'Chamber Music', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.V No.8, January 1928, pp.331-41 (on p.331); not distributed with discs</ref>
+
|(ii) Scherzo. Allegro||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 111E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 89–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(iii) Andante [part 1]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 112E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 90+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(iii) Andante [part 1]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 112E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 90+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
Line 314: Line 565:
 
|(iv) Finale: Allegro comodo [part 2]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 115E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 91–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(iv) Finale: Allegro comodo [part 2]||Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker||<div style="text-align: center;">4</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 115E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">c. October 1927</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 91–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Brahms '''Brahms''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Sextet_No.2,_Op.36_(Brahms,_Johannes) String Sextet in G Op.36]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro non troppo [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 142EXX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early/mid-1928?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 105+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||'[...] there has been a factory breakdown with one of the records […] and a re-recording has been necessary'<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.VI No.61, June 1928, p.31; takes EXX (i.e. -3) and unusual notation '2X' in run-off area point to disc 105 as re-recorded</ref>
+
|<span class="plainlinks">[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Brahms '''Brahms''']</span> <span class="plainlinks">[https://imslp.org/wiki/String_Sextet_No.2,_Op.36_(Brahms,_Johannes) String Sextet in G Op.36]</span> –<br />(i) Allegro non troppo [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 142EXX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early/mid-1928?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 105+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||'[] there has been a factory breakdown with one of the records […] and a re-recording has been necessary'<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.VI No.61, June 1928, p.31; takes EXX (i.e. -3) and unusual notation '2X' in run-off area point to disc 105 as re-recorded</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|(i) Allegro non troppo [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 143EXX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early/mid-1928?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 105–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Last known recording by Spencer Dyke Quartet
+
|(i) Allegro non troppo [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 143EXX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">early/mid-1928?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 105–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(ii) Scherzo: Allegro non troppo [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 145E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 106+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Note order of matrix nos. on this disc
 
|(ii) Scherzo: Allegro non troppo [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 145E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 106+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Note order of matrix nos. on this disc
 
|-
 
|-
|(ii) Scherzo: Allegro non troppo [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 144EX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 106–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Analytical note: P[eter]. L[atham]. ''The Brahms String Sextet in G, Op.36 N.G.S. Records, 105-108''<ref>Printed in ''The Gramophone'', Vol.VI No.63, August 1928, p.115</ref>
+
|(ii) Scherzo: Allegro non troppo [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 144EX</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 106–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|(iii) Poco adagio [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 146E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 107+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(iii) Poco adagio [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 146E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 107+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
Line 328: Line 579:
 
|(iv) Poco allegro [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 148E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 108+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|(iv) Poco allegro [part 1]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 148E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 108+</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>
 
|-
 
|-
|(iv) Poco allegro [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 149E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 108–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Last production by Vocalion for NGS
+
|(iv) Poco allegro [part 2]||Spencer Dyke String Quartet<br />(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),<br />Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)||<div style="text-align: center;">6</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 149E</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">November 1927?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 108–</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm</div>||Last known recording by Spencer Dyke Quartet
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
===Unissued recordings===
 +
A final, minor mystery surrounds the Spencer Dyke String Quartet's first documented electrical recordings. The NGS's then commercial partner, Vocalion, was relatively late in adopting an electrical system, that of the Marconi Company, and only in November 1926 did the Society's Secretary report,
 +
'[…] if the tests now being made by the Spencer Dyke String Quartet by electrical methods are successful the Schubert A minor Quartet [D.804] may be ready for distribution in the first batch.'<ref>'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ''The Gramophone'', Vol.IV No.6, November 1926, p.238</ref>
 +
As it happens, in the run of documented Vocalion matrices recorded for the NGS, two numbers are missing between the last known acoustical matrix and the first known electrical matrix. These may have been used for tests of the Marconi system by the Spencer Dyke Quartet, but this is pure conjecture.
 +
 
 +
{|class="wikitable" style="width: 125%"
 +
! style="width: 11%;" | Selection(s)
 +
! style="width: 12%;" | Artist(s)
 +
! style="width: 2%;" | # Art.
 +
! style="width: 4%;" | Matrix
 +
! style="width: 5%;" | Rec. date
 +
! style="width: 2%;" | Sys.
 +
! style="width: 4%;" | Producer
 +
! style="width: 6%;" | Location
 +
! style="width: 2%;" | Cat. ID
 +
! style="width: 5%;" | Diam.
 +
! style="width: 15%;" | Notes
 +
|-
 +
|'''Composer(s) unknown'''<br />Title(s) unknown||Performer(s) unknown<br />(Spencer Dyke String Quartet?)||<div style="text-align: center;">4?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">NGS 31E?,<br />NGS 32E?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">September / October 1926?</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">el</div>||Vocalion||Vocalion studio,<br />Duncan Avenue, London||<div style="text-align: center;">unissued</div>||<div style="text-align: center;">12" / 30 cm?</div>||Possibly used for tests of Marconi electrical system?
 
|}
 
|}
  

Latest revision as of 16:52, 28 May 2021

This page presents a brief account of the Spencer Dyke String Quartet, a British ensemble active during the first half of the twentieth century.

It is part of the site Classical 'Society' Records by Nick Morgan.

The Quartet was the most prolific ensemble to record for the National Gramophonic Society. It also recorded for Vocalion.

For dates of page creation and latest update, please see 'Page information' in left sidebar.

History

The Spencer Dyke String Quartet was formed by Edwin Spencer Dyke (1880-1946), its first and only leader, from the quartet of his teacher, Hans Wessely (1862-1926):[1] Spencer Dyke moved from violin II to leader, while Ernest Tomlinson (1877-1957)[2] remained as viola and Bertie Patterson Parker (1871-1930) as cello, positions they had occupied since 1904.[3] Only Edwin Quaife (1880-1940) was newly recruited, as violin II.

Reportedly formed in 1918,[4] the Spencer Dyke Quartet is first documented in 1919,[5] when it was also the subject of a group portrait.[6] On 26 January 1920 it gave its first public concert reviewed in the general press, playing works by Elgar, Eugene Goossens [III], Ernest Tomlinson (its viola player), Frank Bridge and Haydn, at the Wigmore Hall in London.[7] The Quartet enjoyed immediate success, perhaps partly capitalizing on the esteem which Wessely's formation had enjoyed. Spencer Dyke's group went on to perform throughout Britain (unlike Wessely's, it does not seem to have performed abroad). The Quartet collaborated in concert and on disc with well-known soloists, and showed a notable commitment to modern music and to British composers.

Spencer Dyke had recorded violin 'solos' (i.e. duos with piano) for the British branch of Odeon since the early years of the century.[8] In a 1928 interview, he described the 'nervy business' of making early ensemble records;[9] these have not been identified.[10] From 1924, the Spencer Dyke Quartet recorded extensively, initially for Vocalion and then, until 1927, for the National Gramophonic Society (see below). It also broadcast for the BBC from early 1924.[11]

In 1927, two founding members left. Quaife, the second violin, resigned through pressure of work, and was replaced by Spencer Dyke's pupil Harold Tate Gilder (1899-1963); Tomlinson, the viola player, resigned through ill health, and was replaced by Bernard Shore (1896-1985).[12] The new members took part in the Quartet's last recordings, made for the NGS in 1927 and 1928. In 1930, Patterson Parker, the cellist, died.[13] He was replaced by Cedric Sharpe (1891-1978), who remained in the Quartet until it was disbanded.[14]

From the mid-1930s, the Spencer Dyke Quartet's public engagements appear to have become less frequent; its last currently documented concert took place in March 1939, six months before the outbreak of war put a stop to public entertainments,[15] although it continued to broadcast occasionally. Shore was last billed in Radio Times as the Quartet's viola player in July 1939,[16] and was replaced by Winifred Copperwheat (1905-1976).[17] Substituted once in 1938 by Pierre Tas (1902-1971),[18] Tate Gilder also departed in 1939, to be replaced first by Edwin Virgo (c.1880-1949)[19] and then by James Cooper (dates unknown).[20]

In 1940, the Musical Times reported that the Quartet had used a set of instruments made by Alfred Dixon of Folkestone;[21] it is not known how often this happened or in which circumstances.

The Spencer Dyke Quartet continued to broadcast until January 1944.[22] It is not known to have performed again after the War, and it did not survive his death in December 1946.[23]

Repertoire

The Spencer Dyke String Quartet's repertoire has not yet been fully documented. The following list is a preliminary overview; details of dedications, premieres, performances and sources will added when time permits.

Bach, Johann Sebastian

  • Ich steh' mit einem Fuß im Grabe BWV 156, I. Sinfonia
  • Non sa che sia dolore BWV 209, I. Sinfonia

Bax

  • String Quartet No.1 in G

Beethoven

  • String Quintet in C Op.29
  • String Quartet in F Op.18 No.1
  • String Quartet in G Op.18 No.2
  • String Quartet in D Op.18 No.3
  • String Quartet in c Op.18 No.4
  • String Quartet in A Op.18 No.5
  • String Quartet in Bb Op.18 No.6
  • String Quartet in F Op.59 No.1
  • String Quartet in C Op.59 No.3
  • String Quartet in Eb Op.74
  • String Quartet in f Op.95
  • String Quartet in c# Op.131
  • String Quartet in F Op.135

Benjamin, Arthur

  • Pastoral Fantasy for string quartet (UK premiere) (1924 Carnegie Trust Award)

Borodin

  • String Quartet No.2 in D

Bowen, York

  • String Quartet in G Op.46 (premiere)
  • Quintet for horn and strings in c Op.85

Brahms

  • String Sextet in Bb Op.18
  • Piano Quintet in f Op.34
  • String Sextet in G Op.36
  • String Quartet in c Op.51 No.1
  • Piano Quartet in c Op.60
  • String Quartet in Bb Op.67
  • Clarinet Quintet in b Op.115

Bridge, Frank

  • An Irish Melody (The Londonderry Air)
  • 3 Idylls
  • [3] Novelletten
  • Old English Songs (I. Sally in our Alley, II. Cherry Ripe)
  • A Christmas Dance (Sir Roger de Coverley)
  • Phantasy Quartet in f
  • String Quartet No.2 in g

Bush, Alan

  • String Quartet in a Op.4 (premiere)

Chausson

  • Piano Quartet in A Op.30

Debussy

  • String Quartet in g Op.10

Dvořák

  • String Quartet in Eb Op.51
  • Piano Quintet in A Op.81
  • String Quartet in F Op.96
  • String Quartet in G Op.106

Durey, Louis

  • String Quartet No.1 in C (premiere)

Elgar

  • String Quartet in e Op.83
  • Piano Quintet in a Op.84

Franck

  • String Quartet in D
  • Piano Quintet in f

Gatty, Nicholas

  • Variations on a Traditional Theme (premiere)

Glier

  • String Quartet in A Op.2
  • String Quartet in g Op.20

Goossens, Eugene [III]

  • Two Sketches Op.15
  • Phantasy Quartet Op.12

Gossec

  • Le Triomphe de la République, ou Le Camp de Grandpré [RH.618] (divertissement-lyrique in 1 act), Tambourin, arranged Sharpe, Cedric

Grainger

  • Molly on the Shore, Irish Reel

Haydn

  • String Quartet in Bb Op.64 No.3
  • String Quartet in G Op.64 No.4
  • String Quartet in D Op.64 No.5
  • String Quartet in Eb Op.64 No.6
  • String Quartet in d Op.76 No.2
  • String Quartet in Bb Op.76 No.4
  • String Quartet in F Op.77 No.2

Howells, Herbert

  • Lady Audrey's Suite Op.19
  • Piano Quartet in a Op.21
  • String Quartet No.3 'In Gloucestershire' Op.35 (premiere)

Ireland

  • The Holy Boy, a Carol of the Nativity

Jacob, Gordon

  • String Quartet in C (1928)

Jaques-Dalcroze, Emile

  • String Quartet in E (premiere)[24]

Kreisler

  • String Quartet in a

McEwen

  • The Jocund Dance (premiere) (later published with sub-title 'Dance tunes for string band')
  • String Quartet No.3 in e
  • String Quartet No.8 in A 'Biscay'
  • String Quartet No.9 in eb 'Threnody'
  • Suite of Old National Dances (String Quartet No.12) (premiere)

Malipiero

  • Stornelli e ballate

Mendelssohn, Felix

  • String Quartet in Eb Op.12
  • String Quartet in e Op.44 No.2

Mozart

  • Oboe Quartet in F K.370
  • String Quartet in Eb K.428
  • String Quartet in C K.465
  • String Quartet in D K.499
  • String Quartet in D K.575
  • String Quartet in Bb K.589
  • String Quartet in F K.590
  • Horn Quintet in Eb K.407

Napier Miles, Philip

  • Ode to Autumn for voice, string quartet, oboe, and clarinet (premiere)

Nováček, Ottokar

  • String Quartet in e

Parker, George

  • Suite in a

Perkin, Helen

  • Fantasy Quartet (Cobbett Prize, 1930)

Phillips, Gerald

  • Conte de fée (premiere)

Purcell

  • Ayres to the Theatre, suite, arranged Bridgewater, Leslie(?)

Quilter

  • To Julia Op.8 (version with piano and string quartet)

Ravel

  • Introduction and Allegro for flute, clarinet, string quartet and harp
  • String Quartet in F

Schoenberg

  • Verklärte Nacht, sextet Op.4

Schubert

  • String Quartet in Bb D.112
  • String quartet movement in c D.703 ('Quartettsatz')
  • String Quartet in a D.804
  • Octet in F D.803

Schumann, Robert

  • String Quartet in A Op.41 No.3

Sharpe, Cedric

  • Children's Christmas Suite

Smetana

  • String Quartet No.1 in e 'From My Life'

Smyth, Ethel

  • String Quartet in e

Speaight, Joseph

  • Some Shakespeare Fairy Characters, 1st Series

Stanton, Walter Kendall

  • Piano Quintet (premiere)

Tchaikovsky

  • String Quartet No.1 in D Op.11

Tcherepnin, Nikolai

  • String Quartet in a Op.11

Tomlinson, Ernest

  • A Lament (premiere)

Turina

  • Scène andalouse

Vaughan Williams

  • String Quartet in g
  • Five Mystical Songs (version with piano and string quartet)

Walker, Ernest

  • Fantasia in D Op.32

Discography

The Spencer Dyke String Quartet left a substantial recorded legacy of 130 '78 rpm' sides.[25] Of these, just 16 were recorded for the Vocalion label.[26] The remainder were recorded for the National Gramophonic Society.

Vocalion

Vocalion had been at the forefront of classical record production in Britain for some years. In 1919 it had lured the violinist Albert Sammons (1886-1957) away from rival Columbia, followed in 1920 by the London String Quartet, which Sammons had led before going solo. Alongside the viola player Lionel Tertis (1876-1975), these artists recorded a considerable amount of chamber music for Vocalion, admittedly often abridged or, as in several of Tertis' recordings, slightly rescored. But by mid-1924 the London String Quartet had moved on again,[27] leaving a gap in Vocalion's stable of artists. Which to choose among the many string quartets then active in Britain? Intriguingly, in November 1923, an unsigned notice had appeared in the sixth number of The Gramophone magazine, assessing not records or machines but recent concerts in London:

'I believe the Spencer Dyke Quartet are not yet to be found on any gramophone list, but I hope before long that their fine playing may be made accessible to every lover of music.'[28]

The writer also pointed out which items from the Quartet's London concert would record well, including J.B. McEwen's Suite of Old National Dances. Some weeks later the clarion call was sounded with even more vehemence:

'Most critics agree that the Spencer Dyke Quartet is as good as the very best. Which of the recording companies will secure its services? One comes away from these chamber concerts smouldering with rage because the access to such beauty and refinement is still denied to all but a handful of listeners.'[29]

As before, the writer noted which items needed recording, such as Dvořák's String Quartet in F Op.96. Ostensibly insignificant, these articles raise questions which cannot be answered. By now, the Quartet had almost certainly made its first recordings for Vocalion, including excerpts from the very work by J.B. McEwen previously commended; and its next session yielded the Dvořák, complete. Did The Gramophone influence Vocalion's choices of artists and repertoire? Was this discreet 'plugging'? Or mere coincidence? Whatever the truth, the Quartet's association with Vocalion was short-lived. It opened with two single discs of excerpts from contemporary works, both gramophone premieres and possibly an attempt to test buyers' interest in such music. If so, sales may have been disappointing, as the next two productions presented two of the most popular quartets in the repertoire. Again, both were effectively gramophone premieres; one had previously been issued complete only in an experimental long-play format, doomed to failure,[30] and the other had been recorded abridged.[31] Yet today these discs too are uncommon and all but unknown, suggesting limited circulation and a short life in the catalogues.

Vocalion supplements and disc labels did not name the members of the Spencer Dyke String Quartet.[32] There is no reason to suppose that they were different from the original, well-documented personnel.

All the recordings are assumed to have been made in Vocalion's London studio.[33]

Vocalion denoted takes by suffixing one or more letters X: no suffix equated to take -1, suffix -X to take -2, suffix -XX to take -3 and so on.

Composer Selection(s) Matrix Rec. date Sys. Location Cat. ID Diam. Issue date Note(s) Source(s)
McEwen Suite of Old National Dances (String Quartet No.12) -
Group III. Two Japanese Dances
(a) The Harvest of the Sea Salt, Japanese Vocal Dance. Adagio
(b) Butterfly Dance. Molto vivace
03487
early 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
R 6140
10" / 25 cm
April 1924
First recording of this item
First issued recording by Spencer Dyke String Quartet
Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
Group II. Three Old French Melodies
(c) Danse Basse [sic] "Jouissance vous donnerai"
Group I. (b) Two Scottish Dances (Strathspey "Tullochgorum", Reel "Johnny Lad")
03488
early 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
R 6140
10" / 25 cm
April 1924
First recording of this item Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
Bridge, Frank Noveletten
(i) Andante moderato
03485
early 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
D 02155
12" / 30 cm
June 1924
First recording of this item
First known recording by Spencer Dyke String Quartet
Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
(iii) Allegro vivo
03486
early 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
D 02155
12" / 30 cm
June 1924
First recording of this item Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
Dvořák String Quartet in F major Op.96
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 1]
03695
late 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
K 05132
12" / 30 cm
March 1925
Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 2]
03696
late 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
K 05132
12" / 30 cm
March 1925
Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
(ii) Lento [part 1]
03697
late 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
K 05133
12" / 30 cm
March 1925
Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
(ii) Lento [part 2]
03698
late 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
K 05133
12" / 30 cm
March 1925
Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
(iii) Molto vivace
03626X
late 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
K 05134
12" / 30 cm
March 1925
Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017, omits take suffix Private collection
(iv) Finale. Vivace ma non troppo
03700
late 1924(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
K 05134
12" / 30 cm
March 1925
Division of movements on this disc unclear Private collection; Andrews, Frank et al. Vocalion Records, CLPGS Reference Series No.42, 2017
Haydn String Quartet in D major Op.64 No.5
(i) Allegro moderato [part 1]
03804
early 1925(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
X 9554
10" / 25 cm
April 1925
First complete, uncut recording of this work Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925; auction listings
(i) Allegro moderato [part 2]
03805
early 1925(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
X 9554
10" / 25 cm
April 1925
Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925; auction listings
(ii) Adagio cantabile [part 1]
03806
early 1925(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
X 9555
10" / 25 cm
April 1925
Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925; auction listings
(ii) Adagio cantabile [part 2]
03807
early 1925(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
X 9555
10" / 25 cm
April 1925
Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925; auction listings
(iii) Menuetto. Allegretto
03808
early 1925(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
X 9556
10" / 25 cm
April 1925
Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925; auction listings
Finale. Vivace
03809
early 1925(?)
ac
Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
X 9556
10" / 25 cm
April 1925
Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925; auction listings

National Gramophonic Society

The Spencer Dyke Quartet's association with Vocalion did not in fact end with its last appearance on the label. A year at most after recording Haydn, the Quartet was back in Vocalion's studios, playing for the very organization which had first championed the Quartet as a recording ensemble.

To summarize the account presented elsewhere on this site: in September 1923, shortly after launching The Gramophone, Compton Mackenzie mooted a 'scheme' of forming a society to fund recordings of 'good music' by subscription.[34] He and his brother-in-law Christopher Stone, London Editor of The Gramophone, spent several months trying to bring it to fruition. Neither of them was qualified to recruit or vet recording artists, so that task was entrusted to the future Gramophone critic W.R. Anderson. By mid-1924, Edwin Spencer Dyke had been approached and was reported to be 'keen',[35] though to do what was not stated. In August 1924, The Gramophone announced,

'By the courtesy of the Aeolian Company we have secured the services of the Spencer Dyke Quartet to make a start for us – a privilege which will be appreciated by all our readers.'[36]

(Aeolian was then owner of the Vocalion label.) Like the articles quoted above, this statement leaves questions tantalisingly unanswered. Was Vocalion's commitment to chamber music beginning to wane? Did it calculate that it may as well leave this somewhat niche genre to Mackenzie and his fellow-enthusiasts, rather than compete over what seemed a small pool of potential buyers? Or, again, did the Spencer Dyke Quartet's records sell less well than hoped? Vocalion later went on to produce many of the Society's recordings, but the first three issues were recorded and pressed by the Columbia Graphophone Company, in whose London studio the Quartet set down two substantial works in one day, 30 July 1924. Like all NGS productions (except fillers), these were recorded complete and for the first time. In October 1924, before the Society had even distributed its first issue to members, Spencer Dyke and colleagues were back to record the Society's second issue, including Arnold Schoenberg's string sextet Verklärte Nacht Op.4. By the time this was ready in February 1925, Spencer Dyke had also been named as a member of the Society's Advisory Committee.[37]

It had taken some time for the Committee to be fully constituted and its functions defined. They included nominating works to be recorded, recruiting artists, and 'passing' test pressings.[38] Although the Society was somewhat coy about the Committee's workings, it seems that recruiting artists was, initially, Spencer Dyke's domain - for instance, announcing the NGS issue of Mozart's Oboe Quartet, the Society's Secretary wrote, 'Mr. Leon Goossens is playing the oboe part in the Mozart, and Mr. Spencer Dyke is lucky to have secured him'.[39] It is likely that Spencer Dyke also secured all the soloists and supernumeraries who recorded with his Quartet for the NGS, as well as Aubrey Brain and York Bowen, who joined him in Brahms' Horn Trio in Eb Op.40, not listed below.[40] Perhaps inconsistently, Schubert's Piano Trio in Eb D.929 is listed, on the grounds that it is performed by two members of the Quartet and is coupled (somewhat awkwardly) with a work played by all four members; so too the excerpt from Mozart's Duo in G K.423.

The Quartet's personnel was usually named on the Society's disc labels, though not always, but again there is little doubt about who was playing; occasionally, the members were named without the Quartet being credited. These quirks are noted below.

Selection(s) Artist(s) # Art. Matrix Rec. date Sys. Producer Location Cat. ID Diam. Notes
Beethoven String Quartet in Eb Op.74
(i) Poco adagio; Allegro [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 541-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
A+
12" / 30 cm
First recording by Spencer Dyke String Quartet for NGS
First issue by NGS
(i) Allegro [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 542-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
A–
12" / 30 cm
Disc labels list Quaife and Tomlinson in reverse order
(ii) Adagio ma non troppo [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 543-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
B+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Adagio ma non troppo [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 544-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
B–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Presto Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 545-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
C+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Allegretto con variazioni Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 546-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
C–
12" / 30 cm
Debussy String Quartet in g Op.10
(i) Animé et très décidé [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 547-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
D+
12" / 30 cm
Disc labels list Quaife and Tomlinson in reverse order
(i) Animé et très décidé [part 2]
(iii) Andantino, doucement expressif [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 548-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
D–
12" / 30 cm
Movements recorded in order (i), (iii), (ii), (iv), probably to reduce number of discs[41]
(iii) Andantino, doucement expressif [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 549-2
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
E+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Assez vif et bien rythmé Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 550-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
E–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Très modéré [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 551-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
F+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Très modéré [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
AX 552-1
30 July 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
F–
12" / 30 cm
Schubert Piano Trio in Eb D.929
(i) Allegro [part 1]
Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 667-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
H+
12" / 30 cm
Coupled with Schoenberg as one set
(i) Allegro [part 2] Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 668-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
H–
12" / 30 cm
(i) Allegro [part 3] Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 669-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
I+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Andante con moto [part 1] Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 670-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
I–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Andante con moto [part 2] Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 671-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
K+
12" / 30 cm
Catalogue letter J not used
(iii) Scherzando. Allegro moderato Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 840-1
7 January 1925
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
K–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Allegro moderato [part 1] Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 841-1
7 January 1925
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
L+
12" / 30 cm
Recording date of this side stated on Columbia manufacturing card, erroneously, as '7th Jan 1924'
(iv) Allegro moderato [part 2] Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 842-1
7 January 1925
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
L–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Allegro moderato [part 3] Harold Craxton (piano),
Spencer Dyke, Patterson Parker
3
AX 843-1
7 January 1925
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
M+
12" / 30 cm
Schoenberg Verklärte Nacht, string sextet Op.4
[Part 1]
Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
AX 663-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
M–
12" / 30 cm
Coupled with Schubert as one set
[Part 2] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
AX 664-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
N+
12" / 30 cm
Effectively Spencer Dyke String Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels, plus supernumeraries
[Part 3] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
AX 665-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
N–
12" / 30 cm
[Part 4] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
AX 666-1
10 October 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
O+
12" / 30 cm
[Part 5] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
AX 829-1
30 December 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
O–
12" / 30 cm
[Part 6] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
AX 830-1
30 December 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
P+
12" / 30 cm
[Part 7] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
AX 831-1
30 December 1924
ac
Columbia Columbia studio, Clerkenwell Road, London
P–
12" / 30 cm
Beethoven String Quartet in F Op.59 No.1
(i) Allegro [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 73
c. June 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
T+
12" / 30 cm
'[…] unusual difficulties have been encountered, and re-recordings have been necessary'[42]
(i) Allegro [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 8
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
T–
12" / 30 cm
Main recording session held shortly before 24 April 1925[43]
(i) Allegro [part 3] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 9
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
V+
12" / 30 cm
Catalogue letter U not used
(ii) Allegretto vivace e sempre scherzando [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 10
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
V–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Allegretto vivace e sempre scherzando [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 11
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
W+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Allegretto vivace e sempre scherzando [part 3] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 122
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
W–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Adagio molto e mesto [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 13
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
X+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Adagio molto e mesto [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 14
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
X–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Adagio molto e mesto [part 3]
(iv) Thème russe. Allegro [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 15
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
Y+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Thème russe. Allegro [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 16
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
Y–
12" / 30 cm
Brahms String Sextet in Bb Op.18
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 1]
Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 22
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
Z+
12" / 30 cm
Effectively Spencer Dyke String Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels, plus supernumeraries
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 2] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 23
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
Z–
12" / 30 cm
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 3] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 24
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
AA+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Andante ma moderato [part 1] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 252
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
AA–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Andante ma moderato [part 2] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 262
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
BB+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Scherzo. Allegro molto Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 272
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
BB–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Rondo. Poco allegretto e grazioso [part 1] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 282
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
CC+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Rondo. Poco allegretto e grazioso [part 2] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 294
c. September 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
CC–
12" / 30 cm
First master of this side damaged at factory, necessitating re-recording[44]
(iv) Rondo. Poco allegretto e grazioso [part 3] Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Lockyer (viola II), Patterson Parker, Robinson (cello II)
6
GS 30
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
DD+
12" / 30 cm
Mozart Quartet for oboe and strings in F K.370 (368b) – (i) Allegro [part 1] Leon Goossens (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
4
GS 14
c. June 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
Q+
10" / 25 cm
Takes 3 and above probably recorded at second session, on conjectured date[45]
(i) Allegro [part 2] Leon Goossens (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
4
GS 23
c. June 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
Q–
10" / 25 cm
Three members of Spencer Dyke String Quartet, although not billed as such on disc labels
(ii) Adagio Leon Goossens (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
4
GS 3
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
R+
10" / 25 cm
Main recording session reportedly held shortly before 24 April 1925[46]
(iii) Rondeau. Allegro [part 1] Leon Goossens (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
4
GS 4
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
R–
10" / 25 cm
(iii) Rondeau. Allegro [part 2] Leon Goossens (oboe), Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
4
GS 52
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
S+
10" / 25 cm
Bach, J.S. Ich steh' mit einem Fuß im Grabe BWV 156 – (i) Sinfonia Leon Goossens (oboe), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
GS 6
April 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
S–
10" / 25 cm
Filler. Quartet members not named on disc label; presumed to be Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
Tomlinson, Ernest A Lament Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
GS 21
c. July 1925
ac
Parlophone Parlophone studio,
City Road, London
EE+
12" / 30 cm
Only known recording of a work by Tomlinson
Coupled by mistake with a recording by André Mangeot's Music Society String Quartet, against his wishes[47]
Elgar Quintet for piano and strings in a Op.84
(i) Moderato; Allegro [part 1]
Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 1X
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NN+
12" / 30 cm
(i) Allegro [part 2] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 2X
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NN–
12" / 30 cm
Quartet members not named on disc labels; presumed to be Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
(i) Allegro [part 3] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 3X
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
OO+
12" / 30 cm
(i) Allegro [part 4] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 4X
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
OO–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Adagio [part 1] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 5
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
PP+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Adagio [part 2] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 6
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
PP–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Adagio [part 3] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 7
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
QQ+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Andante; Allegro [part 1] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 8X
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
QQ
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Allegro [part 2] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 9
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
RR+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Allegro [part 3] Ethel Hobday (piano), Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 10X
c. February/March 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
RR–
12" / 30 cm
Brahms for clarinet and strings in b Op.115
(i) Allegro [part 1]
Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 11X
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
SS+
12" / 30 cm
Quartet members not named on labels of main work only (but see filler, below); presumed to be Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
(i) Allegro [part 2] Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 12X
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
SS–
12" / 30 cm
(i) Allegro [part 3] Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 13X
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
TT+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Adagio [part 1] Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 14
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
TT–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Adagio [part 2] Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 15
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
UU+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Adagio [part 3] Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 16X
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
UU–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Andantino Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 17X
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
VV+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Con moto [part 1] Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 18X
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
VV–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Con moto [part 2] Thurston, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
5
NGS 19X
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
WW+
12" / 30 cm
Glière Quartet in A Op.2
(ii) Scherzo. Allegro
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 27
c. May/June 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
WW–
12" / 30 cm
Filler
Mozart for clarinet and strings in A K.581
(i) Allegro [part 1]
Charles Draper (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
5
NGS 20
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
XX+
12" / 30 cm
Spencer Dyke String Quartet not billed as such on disc labels
(i) Allegro [part 2] Charles Draper (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
5
NGS 21X
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
XX–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Larghetto [part 1] Charles Draper (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
5
NGS 22X
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
YY+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Larghetto [part 2]
(iii) Menuetto [part 1]
Charles Draper (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
5
NGS 23
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
YY–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Menuetto [part 2] Charles Draper (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
5
NGS 24X
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
ZZ+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Allegretto con variazioni [part 1] Charles Draper (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
5
NGS 25X
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
ZZ–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Allegretto con variazioni [part 2] Charles Draper (clarinet), Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker
5
NGS 26X
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
AAA+
12" / 30 cm
Mozart Duo for violin and viola in G K.423
(ii) Adagio
Spencer Dyke, Tomlinson
2
NGS 28
c. May to August 1926
ac
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
AAA–
12" / 30 cm
Filler
Schubert String Quartet in a D.804
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 33E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
HHH+
12" / 30 cm
First electrical recording issued by NGS; see below for possible electrical 'tests' (unissued)
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 34E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
HHH–
12" / 30 cm
Recording date from Malcolm Walker[48]
(i) Allegro ma non troppo [part 3] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 35E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
JJJ+
12" / 30 cm
Catalogue letters III not used
(ii) Andante [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 36E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
JJJ–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Andante [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 37EX
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
KKK+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Menuetto. Allegretto [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 38E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
KKK–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Menuetto. Allegretto [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 39E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
LLL+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Allegro moderato [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 40E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
LLL–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Allegro moderato [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 41E
7 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
MMM+
12" / 30 cm
Mendelssohn String Quartet in e Op.44 No.2
(ii) Scherzo. Allegro di molto
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 48EX
11(?) October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
MMM–
12" / 30 cm
Filler. Recording date not specified by Malcolm Walker; extrapolated from dated matrix sequence
Beethoven String Quartet in F Op.135
(i) Allegretto [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 42E
11 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NNN+
12" / 30 cm
Recording date from Malcolm Walker
(i) Allegretto [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 43E
11 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NNN–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Vivace Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 44E
11 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
OOO+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Lento assai, cantante e tranquillo [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 45E
11 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
OOO–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Lento assai, cantante e tranquillo [part 2]
(iv) Grave, ma non troppo tratto [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 46E
11 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
PPP+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Grave, ma non troppo tratto [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 47EX
11 October 1926
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
PPP–
12" / 30 cm
Dvořák Quintet for piano and strings in A Op.81
(i) Allegro, ma non tanto [part 1]
Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 83EX
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 82+
12" / 30 cm
Last recording by original formation of Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(i) Allegro, ma non tanto [part 2] Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 84E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 82–
12" / 30 cm
(i) Allegro, ma non tanto [part 3] Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 85E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 83+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Dumka. Andante con moto [part 1] Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 86E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 83–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Dumka. Andante con moto [part 2] Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 87E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 84+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Dumka. Andante con moto [part 3] Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 88E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 84–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Scherzo (Furiant). Molto vivace Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 89E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 85+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Finale. Allegro [part 1] Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 90E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 85–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Finale. Allegro [part 2] Bartlett, Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
5
NGS 91E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 86+
12" / 30 cm
Speaight Some Shakespeare Fairy Characters
(1st Series) – (ii) The Lonely Shepherd
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Quaife, Tomlinson, Patterson Parker)
4
NGS 92E
c. June 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 86–
12" / 30 cm
Filler
Brahms Piano Quartet in c minor Op.60
(i) Allegro non troppo [part 1]
Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 108E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 88+
12" / 30 cm
First recording by members of reformed Spencer Dyke Quartet, not billed as such on disc labels
(i) Allegro non troppo [part 2] Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 109E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 88–
12" / 30 cm
First known recording by Bernard Shore
(i) Allegro non troppo [part 3] Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 110E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 89+
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Scherzo. Allegro Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 111E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 89–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Andante [part 1] Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 112E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 90+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Andante [part 2] Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 113E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 90–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Finale: Allegro comodo [part 1] Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 114E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 91+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Finale: Allegro comodo [part 2] Olive Bloom (piano), Spencer Dyke, Shore, Patterson Parker
4
NGS 115E
c. October 1927
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 91–
12" / 30 cm
Brahms String Sextet in G Op.36
(i) Allegro non troppo [part 1]
Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 142EXX
early/mid-1928?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 105+
12" / 30 cm
'[…] there has been a factory breakdown with one of the records […] and a re-recording has been necessary'[49]
(i) Allegro non troppo [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 143EXX
early/mid-1928?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 105–
12" / 30 cm
(ii) Scherzo: Allegro non troppo [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 145E
November 1927?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 106+
12" / 30 cm
Note order of matrix nos. on this disc
(ii) Scherzo: Allegro non troppo [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 144EX
November 1927?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 106–
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Poco adagio [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 146E
November 1927?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 107+
12" / 30 cm
(iii) Poco adagio [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 147EX
November 1927?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 107–
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Poco allegro [part 1] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 148E
November 1927?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 108+
12" / 30 cm
(iv) Poco allegro [part 2] Spencer Dyke String Quartet
(Spencer Dyke, Tate Gilder, Shore, Patterson Parker),
Lockyer (viola II), Robinson (cello II)
6
NGS 149E
November 1927?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
NGS 108–
12" / 30 cm
Last known recording by Spencer Dyke Quartet

Unissued recordings

A final, minor mystery surrounds the Spencer Dyke String Quartet's first documented electrical recordings. The NGS's then commercial partner, Vocalion, was relatively late in adopting an electrical system, that of the Marconi Company, and only in November 1926 did the Society's Secretary report,

'[…] if the tests now being made by the Spencer Dyke String Quartet by electrical methods are successful the Schubert A minor Quartet [D.804] may be ready for distribution in the first batch.'[50]

As it happens, in the run of documented Vocalion matrices recorded for the NGS, two numbers are missing between the last known acoustical matrix and the first known electrical matrix. These may have been used for tests of the Marconi system by the Spencer Dyke Quartet, but this is pure conjecture.

Selection(s) Artist(s) # Art. Matrix Rec. date Sys. Producer Location Cat. ID Diam. Notes
Composer(s) unknown
Title(s) unknown
Performer(s) unknown
(Spencer Dyke String Quartet?)
4?
NGS 31E?,
NGS 32E?
September / October 1926?
el
Vocalion Vocalion studio,
Duncan Avenue, London
unissued
12" / 30 cm?
Possibly used for tests of Marconi electrical system?

References

As well as references cited here, this page draws on:

  • concert and broadcast listings, previews and reviews in The Gramophone, The Manchester Guardian, Musical Opinion and Music Trade Review, The Musical Times, The Observer and The Strad
  • advertisements, notices and record reviews in The Gramophone and The Musical Times
  • Genealogical sources consulted via ancestry.co.uk

There is an unrelated Wikipedia entry about the Spencer Dyke Quartet. It is not complete or entirely accurate.

  1. The Wessely Quartet continued to give concerts for some years thereafter; see e.g. 'Wesleyan Jubilee Celebration', Kent and Sussex Courier, Friday 27 October 1922, p.7
  2. Tomlinson, well-known teacher and viola player in several distinguished quartets including the Spencer Dyke String Quartet, is not to be confused with the composer and conductor Ernest Tomlinson (1924-2015)
  3. 'Miscellaneous', The Musical Times, Vol.45 No.732, February 1904, p.123
  4. e.g. Meadmore, W.S. 'British Performing Organizations', '(2) Present-Day Organizations', in Cobbett, Walter Willson Cobbett's Cyclopedic Survey of Chamber Music, London: Oxford University Press / Humphrey Milford, 1929, pp.203-12; 'Mozart' (billing for BBC National Programme broadcast, Thursday 13 July 1939), Radio Times, Vol.64 No.823, 7 July 1939, p.52
  5. 'Works Performed by the Spencer Dyke String Quartet (1919-1924)', insert in Wigmore Hall […], The Spencer Dyke String Quartet First Recital, Monday Evening, February 9th [1925], at 8 (concert programme), Wigmore Hall Collection, Royal College of Music, London
  6. Portrait of the Spencer Dyke Quartet — Spencer Dyke, Edwin Quaife, violins; Ernest Tomlinson viola; Bertie Patterson Parker, cello by Isobel Grant Nevill (1872–1968), watercolour on paper, signed 'I. Nevill, 1919', Royal Academy Collections, Object No.2003.1080
  7. 'Spencer Dyke String Quartet', in 'Music', The Times, issue 42318, Tuesday 27 January 1920, p.10; 'Spencer Dyke Quartet', Pall Mall Gazette, Tuesday 27 January 1920, p.8
  8. Spencer Dyke recorded some thirty-eight 10¾" / 27.3 cm sides of salon solos for Odeon between 1905 and approximately 1914, see Langridge, Mike British Odeons, Wells-next-the-Sea: City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society, 2006, pp.78-79; Odeon Records Orange Label Catalogue (…) No.26, n.d. [1912?], p.16, lists twelve of these, on six double-sided discs, billed as performed by 'Mr. Spencer Dyke of Queen's Hall [Orchestra]. (With piano accompaniment)'
  9. Meadmore, W.S. 'More Gramophone Personalities', The Gramophone, Vol.VI No.67, December 1928, pp.336-40 (on p.340)
  10. Perhaps the interviewer misunderstood or misrepresented Spencer Dyke's reminiscence of making acoustical recordings of chamber music for Vocalion or the National Gramophonic Society; or, possibly if less probably, Spencer Dyke took part in earlier ensemble recordings which are undocumented
  11. Earliest broadcast identified: 'Hours with Living British Composers', 2LO London, Thursday 28 February 1924
  12. Meadmore, W.S. 'More Gramophone Personalities', The Gramophone, Vol. VI No. 67, December 1928, pp.336-40
  13. 'Obituary', The Musical Times, Vol.71 No.1053, November 1930,, p.1039; 'In Memoriam B. Patterson Parker, F.R.A.M. 1871-1930', The R.A.M. Club Magazine, No.88, November 1930, p.24
  14. Shore, Bernard 'Cedric Sharpe', in 'Obituary', Royal College of Music Magazine, Vol.74 No.3, October 1978, pp.113-21 (on pp.114-16)
  15. Latest concerts identified:
    • Blackpool Music Society concert, programme unknown, 6 November 1935, Metropole Hotel, Blackpool; 'Music, Drama, and Films', The Manchester Guardian, 27 October 1934, p.15
    • Concert, programme including Bax String Quartet [No.1] in G, date and location unknown; [Title unknown] Portsmouth Evening News, Tuesday 23 June 1936, p.3
    • League of Arts concert, programme unknown, 11 March 1939, Lecture Theatre, Victoria and Albert Museum, London; 'Notes and News', The Musical Times, Vol.80 No.1152, February 1939, pp.136–138 (on p.137)
  16. 'Mozart', BBC National Programme, Thursday 13 July 1939; on that occasion, as on others, Shore did not play but was substituted by Frederick Riddle (1912-1995)
  17. 'Haydn', BBC Home Service, Tuesday 9 July 1940
  18. 'Chamber Music', BBC London Regional, Saturday 23 April 1938
  19. e.g. 'Haydn', BBC Home Service, Tuesday 9 July 1940
  20. e.g. 'Modern English Chamber Music', BBC Home Service, Monday 24 March 1941
  21. 'Notes & News', The Musical Times, Vol.81 No.1163, January 1940, pp.34-35
  22. Latest broadcast identified: 'Frank Bridge', BBC Home Service, Monday 17 January 1944
  23. 'Obituary', The Musical Times, Vol.88 No.1247, January 1947, pp.35-36
  24. 'Notes And News Of The Day', Musical News & Herald, 28 January 1922, p.122; E[dwin].E[vans]. 'Jaques-Dalcroze', in 'London Concerts', ibid., 25 February 1922, pp.244-45
    I am grateful to Tully Potter for putting me on the track of this performance
  25. This total is expressed in 'sides' rather than discs because, on some discs, a side recorded by the Spencer Dyke Quartet was coupled with one recorded by different artists
  26. On the history of the Vocalion marque, see Andrews, Frank, Harrison, Keith, Wood-Woolley, Tim Vocalion Records Reference Series RS42), City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society, 2017, pp.3-20
  27. Potter, Tully 'The life (and strange afterlife) of the London String Quartet', booklet essay for Music & Arts Programs CD-1253(8), 2011
  28. 'Concerts', The Gramophone, Vol.I No.8, January 1924, p.169; the concert in question took place on 21 November 1923 at the Wigmore Hall in London, when the Spencer Dyke String Quartet played Beethoven's String Quartet in c# minor Op.131, J.B. McEwen's Suite of Old National Dances (String Quartet No.12), and Haydn's String Quartet in Bb Op.76 No.4
  29. 'Concerts', The Gramophone, Vol.I No.10, March 1924, p.216; the concert in question took place on 30 January 1924, again at the Wigmore Hall in London, when the Spencer Dyke Quartet played Brahms' String Quartet in Bb Op.67, Herbert Howells' third string quartet In Gloucestershire, and Dvořák's String Quartet in F Op.96
  30. Dvořák String Quartet in F major Op.96:
    • Leo Abkov String Quartet, recorded c.1922, issued on World Record 415, 416 (2 12" / 30 cm sides, constant linear speed, duration c.33 min.), see Andrews, Frank, Badrock, Arthur & Walker, Edward S. World Records Vocalion "W" Fetherflex and Penny Phono Recordings A Listing, Spalding, Lincs.: the authors, 1992
  31. Haydn String Quartet in D major Op.64 No.5:
    • London String Quartet, recorded c.1919, issued on Columbia D 1443, D 1444 (2 10" / 25 cm discs, 4 sides)
    • Flonzaley Quartet, recorded 25 & 26 November and 23 December 1921, issued on Victor 74726, 74746, 74825 (3 12" / 30 cm single sides) and on HMV
  32. See e.g. Vocalion Records Bulletin No.35 June 1924 (unpaginated) and Vocalion Records Bulletin No.45 April, 1925 (unpaginated)
  33. This assumption is an extrapolation from the fact that all productions recorded by Vocalion for the National Gramophonic Society were recorded in the company's Duncan Avenue studio, see 'Trade Winds and Idle Zephyrs', The Gramophone, Vol.V No.9, February 1928, pp.366-68 (on p.368); Vocalion quit the premises in 1931, see 'Turn Table Talk', ibid., Vol.IX No.103, December 1931, pp.293-95 (on p.294)
    Duncan Avenue was a court opening off the eastern side of Gray's Inn Road, between Verulam Street and Baldwin's Gardens and surrounded by light industrial buildings and workers' lodgings; it was destroyed by enemy action during World War Two and no longer exists
  34. Mackenzie, Compton 'Editorial', The Gramophone, Vol.I No.4, September 1923, p.[64]
  35. Stone, Christopher Draft or copy of letter to Compton Mackenzie, dated 16 July 1924. Quoted by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.
  36. 'The Kitten' 'All over the Keys', The Gramophone, Vol.II No.3, August 1924, pp.86-87 (on p.87)
  37. 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', The Gramophone, Vol.II No.9, February 1925, p.337
  38. For a detailed account, see Morgan, Nick The National Gramophonic Society, Sheffield: CRQ Editions, 2016, §3.4 'The NGS Advisory Committee: functions', pp.73-88
  39. 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', The Gramophone, Vol.II No.12, May 1925, p.480
  40. For a fuller account of Spencer Dyke's association with the National Gramophonic Society and the recordings made by his Quartet, see Morgan, Nick The National Gramophonic Society, Sheffield: CRQ Editions, 2016, §6.5.1 'Edwin Spencer Dyke', pp.214-20
  41. The NGS published no announcement of or explanation for this lay-out
  42. 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', The Gramophone, Vol.III No.2, July 1925, p.80
  43. Minutes of 24 April 1925 board meeting of Gramophone (Publications) Limited, undated. Cited by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.
  44. 'To N.G.S. Members', The Gramophone, Vol.III No.4, September 1925, p.201; 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', ibid., Vol.III No.5, October 1925, p.237
  45. '[…] unusual difficulties have been encountered, and re-recordings have been necessary', 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', The Gramophone, Vol.III No.2, July 1925, p.80
  46. Minutes of 24 April 1925 board meeting of Gramophone (Publications) Limited, undated. Cited by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.
  47. '[…] would it be possible to get the Lament of Tomlinson on 12 inch put together[?] with the Brahms 6tet of Spencer Dyke and get our Goossens By the Tarn go on the back of Gibbons 3,9'
    Annotation in André Mangeot's hand on MS letter from Robert Gathorne-Hardy to Mangeot, dated 23 December 1925, André Mangeot Collection, Royal College of Music, London
    'Shame [?, barely legible] about the Goossens Qt[?]. Whose fault was it?' Mackenzie, Compton Letter to Christopher Stone, dated 29[?] Nov[?, overwritten] 1925. Quoted by kind permission of Anthony Pollard Esq.
  48. Walker, Malcolm NGS numerical compiled … from copies of discs in The Gramophone Library: 1969 & 1980 & Columbia Day books held by EMI: 1977 (2007 photocopy of manuscript). Supplied by kind courtesy of Malcom Walker Esq.
  49. 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', The Gramophone, Vol.VI No.61, June 1928, p.31; takes EXX (i.e. -3) and unusual notation '2X' in run-off area point to disc 105 as re-recorded
  50. 'National Gramophonic Society Notes', The Gramophone, Vol.IV No.6, November 1926, p.238