Kauder Society

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This page presents a provisional account and discography of the Kauder Society.

It is part of the site Classical 'Society' Records by Nick Morgan.

In the late 1940s, two sets of 78 rpm records of compositions by Hugo Kauder were issued in the name of the otherwise undocumented Society.

The Kauder Society

It is not known when the Kauder Society was formed, by whom, for how long it existed, and whether or how it was connected with the composer, teacher and writer Hugo Kauder (1888-1972). The Society's existence is currently attested solely by four records issued in its name in the late 1940s.

In 2002 a new body was founded, the Hugo Kauder Society. Still active, it documents, preserves and promotes Kauder's works and teachings. In 2006 the Society donated its papers to the New York Public Library, where they are held by the Music Division. The NYPL's finding aid does not clearly list any items relating either to the older Kauder Society or to the records listed below.[1]

Kauder Society publications

In the late 1940s, two sets of 78 rpm records of Kauder's compositions were produced by the Night Music Recording Co., whose name appears on the labels alongside that of Kauder Society. The albums themselves give no information about the Society. In the absence of this, and of any terms and conditions of membership or publicity material for these issues, it must be assumed that the Society underwrote them in part or in full. Two reviews of the first issue give a (slightly different) price but do not state whether it could be bought retail or only from the Society itself. The second issue apparently went almost completely unnoticed in the press.

The Society is not known to have sponsored or published any printed material besides the inserts which accompanied these two issues.

Kauder Society Vol.1

Selection Artists Format Matrix Recorded Location Issued Label cat. no. Country
Kauder Sonata for English Horn and Piano –
(i) Prelude
(ii) Intermezzo
Louis Speyer (cor anglais)
Erwin Bodky (piano)
10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
NM-105
1 October 1946
location unknown
mid-1947
Night Music set 105 / Kauder Society Vol.1
face no. KS 600-1
USA
Kauder Sonata for English Horn and Piano –
(iii) Melody [part 1]
Louis Speyer (cor anglais)
Erwin Bodky (piano)
10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
label: NM-106
runout: 2 NM 106
1 October 1946
location unknown
mid-1947
Night Music set 105 / Kauder Society Vol.1
face no. KS 600-2
USA
Kauder Sonata for English Horn and Piano –
(iii) Melody [part 2]
(iv) Fughetta
Louis Speyer (cor anglais)
Erwin Bodky (piano)
10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
label: NM-107
runout: 3C NM 107
1 October 1946
location unknown
mid-1947
Night Music set 105 / Kauder Society Vol.1
face no. KS 600-3
USA
Kauder Improvization [sic] for English Horn alone Louis Speyer (cor anglais) 10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
NM-108
1 October 1946
location unknown
mid-1947
Night Music set 105 / Kauder Society Vol.1
face no. KS 600-4
USA

Notes
The above set was issued in auto-sequence coupling only, in an album with a loose-leaf printed insert containing a note on the composer and recorded works, written by Edward E. Lowinsky, then Professor of Music at Black Mountain College; the text is reproduced here. The insert also contained brief biographies of the artists. The recording date is printed on the disc labels, which also give the location of the Night Music Recording Co. as Boston, Massachusetts (although its next issue placed it in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania[2]). The price was variously given in the press as $4 (The New Records) and $4.20 (Gramophone Shop Record Supplement).

System
It is not known which electrical recording system or medium were used. The owner of a copy of this issue has described it as 'not a good recording, with distortion that smacks of early tape, although the date (1946) seems rather too early - or maybe it's a typical US limiter circuit.'[3] As noted in The New Records (see below), the discs were pressed on 'non-breakable Vinylite'.

Sources

  • Private collector, UK
  • Entry, including images of all labels and insert but not album cover, at discogs.com

Reviews

  • Durgin, Cyrus 'Recent New Records Feature Music by Chamber Ensembles', The Boston Sunday Globe [Boston, Massachusetts], 4 May 1947, Section A [Editorial and News Feature Section], p.21
  • de Schauensee, Max(?) in 'Chamber Music', The New Records, Vol.15 No.4, June 1947, pp.6-7 (on p.7)
  • Hardy, William H.?, The Gramophone Shop, Inc., Record Supplement for August 1947, Vol.X No.8, August 1947, p.3
  • Singer, Samuel L. 'Recorded Music – Classical and Popular', The Philadelphia Inquirer [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], Sunday 26 October 1947, 'Society' section, p.17

Other reviews undoubtedly remain to be located.

Transfers
A collection of multiple transfers of each side, and of images of all labels, is available at the Internet Archive.

Kauder Society Vol.2

Selection Artists Format Matrix Recorded Location Issued Label cat. no. Country
Kauder Piano Sonata No.2 –
(i) Allegretto
(ii) Allegro moderato [part 1]
Lilian Kallir (piano) 10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
label: NM-210
runout: KS210A
c.1947/48?
location unknown
after March 1948
Night Music set KS 205 /
Kauder Society Vol.2
USA
Kauder Piano Sonata No.2 –
(ii) Allegro moderato [part 2]
(iii) Sostenuto tranquillo
Lilian Kallir (piano) 10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
label: NM-211
runout: KS211A
c.1947/48?
location unknown
after March 1948
Night Music set KS 205 /
Kauder Society Vol.2
USA
Kauder Piano Sonata No.2 –
(iv) Allegretto vivace
Lilian Kallir (piano) 10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
label: NM-212
runout: KS212A
c.1947/48?
location unknown
after March 1948
Night Music set KS 205 /
Kauder Society Vol.2
USA
Kauder Twenty-Four Melodies –
2 Melodies (unspecified)
Lilian Kallir (piano) 10" / 25 cm
lateral disc
label: NM-213
runout: KS213A
c.1947/48?
location unknown
after March 1948
Night Music set KS 205 /
Kauder Society Vol.2
USA

Notes
The above set was issued in auto-sequence coupling only, in an album with a loose-leaf printed insert containing a note on the composer and recorded works; the author is not currently known. The insert also contained a photograph of Kallir (a pupil of the composer) and, presumably, a brief biography of her. The recording date is not given on the disc labels or insert, but the latter refers to Kauder having written his 'recent Fourth piano Sonata' for Kallir; the autograph manuscript of the Fourth Sonata is dated 18 March 1948, but the recording itself could have been made before the insert note was written. The price of this issue is not known, nor is the location at this date of the Night Music Recording Co.

System
It is not known which electrical recording system or medium were used. The owner of a copy of this issue has described it as having 'some distortion etc (like Vol I) that suggests to me early tape recording, rather than 'typical' 1940s American problems.'[4]

Sources

Reviews
No review of this issue has been located to date. The only known mention of it in the press occurred in a report of the conferral by the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences of its American Artists Award for 1949 on Kallir.[5]

Transfers
'Gordonskene' 'Lilian Kallir Plays Music Of Hugo Kauder – (Circa) 1946 – Past Daily Weekend Gramophone', 8 July 2018, pastdaily.com.

Unissued Recordings

It is possible that other recordings were made for the Kauder Society but not issued. To date, none are known.

Acknowledgements

I am extremely grateful to a British collector, who wishes to remain nameless, for his invaluable help in researching the content of this page.

References

  1. Snyder, Matthew 'Hugo Kauder Society records 1911-2006', Music Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, n.d.
  2. Night Music set 106 'Haganah Songs of the Jewish Underground', discogs.com
  3. Personal e-mail, 9 January 2019
  4. Personal e-mail, 3 May 2019
  5. 'Lilian Kallir, Pianist, Wins 1949 American Artists Award', The Brooklyn Daily Eagle [Brooklyn, New York], Sunday 10 April 1949, p.33